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Stock Market Today – Zacks Investment Research #business #calendars

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Market Overview

Stock Market Today

Friday September 2, 2016(This is Brian Hamilton filling in for Mark Vickery while he is on vacation)Stock futures inched forward today, as all eyes will be on this morning s unemployment rate, and nonfarm payrolls data. The unemployment rate is expected to drop to 4.8% from 4.9%, and is seen as the last major hurdle for the Feds before they decide to raise rates or not during their September meeting.Oil prices shot up overnight as Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that he would like for Russ

Denbury Resources (DNR) has decent short-term momentum and it is seeing solid activity on the earnings estimate revision front too.

Tata Motors Limited (TTM) is looking especially impressive right now for momentum-oriented investors

Commercial Vehicle Group (CVGI) has a decent short-term momentum and it is seeing solid activity on the earnings estimate revision front too

Here are 5 stocks added to the Zacks Rank #5 (Strong Sell) List for Friday

Top Stocks To Beat Earnings

Top Stocks to Beat Earnings

Zacks #1 Rank Top Movers for Sep 3, 2016 Zacks #1 Rank Top Movers Zacks #1 Rank Top Movers for 09/03/16

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At the center of everything we do is a strong commitment to independent research and sharing its profitable discoveries with investors. This dedication to giving investors a trading advantage led to the creation of our proven Zacks Rank stock-rating system. Since 1988 it has nearly tripled the S P 500 with an average gain of +26% per year. These returns cover a period from 1988-2015 and were examined and attested by Baker Tilly Virchow Krause, LLP, an independent accounting firm.

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NYSE Stock Market Holiday Closings 2016-2017 #unique #business #ideas

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Wall Street Daily

NYSE Holiday Closings 2016-2017

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. EST. However, it closes for official U.S. holidays or in the event of a major disruption. Most U.S. exchanges follow the NYSE s schedule. Below is a complete schedule of NYSE Holiday closings for 2016-2017.

Unexpected NYSE Closings

In addition to holidays, the NYSE may shut down under a variety of circumstances, including inclement weather or national emergencies…

The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln in 1865 caused the first extended closure of the NYSE, shuttering the exchange for more than a week.

The exchange was down for five months in 1914 at the onset of World War I. The market didn’t close on December 8, 1941, the day after the Pearl Harbor bombing, but did close for two days in August 1945 to mark the surrender of Japan.

The NYSE closed September 11-14, 2001, following the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.

Of course, the NYSE doesn’t just close for solemn occasions – sometimes they’re celebratory.

For instance, NYSE closed for three days in 1889 to mark the centennial of President George Washington s inauguration. The exchange was also down for three days in 1892 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus arrival in the New World.

And it closed on July 21, 1969 to honor the first moon landing.

Hurricanes, computer failures, and power outages have also prompted unexpected closings of the NYSE. On July 8, 2015, for instance, the computer systems at the NYSE went down for nearly four hours during the day’s trading session.





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Business Today: Business News, Latest Stock Market and Economy News India from #business #plan

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who held wide-ranging talks with his Vietnamese counterpart Nguyen Xuan Phuc, said the two countries have decided to elevate their strategic ties to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership to provide it a new momentum.

In his last public speech before demitting office, Reserve Bank Governor Raghuram Rajan made a vigorous case for a strong and independent central bank that can say ‘no’ to highest echelons of the government to ensure macroeconomic stability.

At present, around three-fourths of the revenues of telcos operating in India are generated from voice calls. With its unlimited free calling offer, Jio is hitting the telcos where it hurts most. The biggest threat, therefore, is the possibility of customers migrating to Jio.

DLF had in May entered into an amended agreement to sell its 32 screens of DT cinemas to multiplex operator PVR at a revised consideration of Rs 433 crore.

Playing spoilsport for the RJIO ultra cheap 4G offer are the existing market players. Telcos including Bharti Airtel, Idea and Vodafone India are locking horns with RIL.





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4 Ways To Predict Market Performance #fox #news #business

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4 Ways To Predict Market Performance

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There are two prices that are critical for any investor to know: the current price of the investment he or she owns, or plans to own, and its future selling price. Despite this, investors are constantly reviewing past pricing history and using it to influence their future investment decisions. Some investors won’t buy a stock or index that has risen too sharply, because they assume that it’s due for a correction, while other investors avoid a falling stock, because they fear that it will continue to deteriorate.

Does academic evidence support these types of predictions, based on recent pricing? In this article, we’ll look at four different views of the market and learn more about the associated academic research that supports each view. The conclusions will help you better understand how the market functions, and perhaps eliminate some of your own biases.

Momentum
“Don’t fight the tape.” This widely quoted piece of stock market wisdom warns investors not to get in the way of market trends. The assumption is that the best bet about market movements is that they will continue in the same direction. This concept has is roots in behavioral finance. With so many stocks to choose from, why would investors keep their money in a stock that’s falling, as opposed to one that’s climbing? It’s classic fear and greed. (For more insight, see the Behavioral Finance tutorial.)

Studies have found that mutual fund inflows are positively correlated with market returns. Momentum plays a part in the decision to invest and when more people invest, the market goes up, encouraging even more people to buy. It’s a positive feedback loop.

A 1993 study by Narasimhan Jagadeesh and Sheridan Titman, “Returns to Buying Winners and Selling Losers,” suggests that individual stocks have momentum. They found that stocks that have performed well during the past few months, are more likely to continue their outperformance next month. The inverse also applies; stocks that have performed poorly, are more likely to continue their poor performance.

However, this study only looked ahead a single month. Over longer periods, the momentum effect appears to reverse. According to a 1985 study by Werner DeBondt and Richard Thaler, “Does the Stock Market Overreact?” stocks that have performed well in the past three to five years are more likely to underperform the market in the next three to five years and vice versa. This suggests that something else is going on: mean reversion .

Mean Reversion
Experienced investors who have seen many market ups and downs, often take the view that the market will even out, over time. Historically high market prices often discourage these investors from investing, while historically low prices may represent an opportunity.

The tendency of a variable, such as a stock price, to converge on an average value over time is called mean reversion. The phenomenon has been found in several economic indicators. including exchange rates. gross domestic product (GDP) growth, interest rates and unemployment. Mean reversion may also be responsible for business cycles. (For more insight, check out Economic Indicators To Know and Economic Indicators For The Do-It-Yoursel Investor .)

The research is still inconclusive about whether stock prices revert to the mean. Some studies show mean reversion in some data sets over some periods, but many others do not. For example, in 2000, Ronald Balvers, Yangru Wu and Erik Gilliland found some evidence of mean reversion over long investment horizons. in the relative stock index prices of 18 countries, which they described in the “Journal of Finance.”

However, even they weren’t completely convinced, as they wrote in their study, “A serious obstacle in detecting mean reversion is the absence of reliable long-term series, especially because mean-reversion, if it exists, is thought to be slow and can only be picked up over long horizons.”

Given that academia has access to at least 80 years of stock market research. this suggests that if the market does have a tendency to mean revert, it is a phenomenon that happens slowly and almost imperceptibly, over many years or even decades.

Martingales
Another possibility is that past returns just don’t matter. In 1965, Paul Samuelson studied market returns and found that past pricing trends had no effect on future prices and reasoned that in an efficient market. there should be no such effect. His conclusion was that market prices are martingales. (To read more, see Working Through The Efficient Market Hypothesis .)

A martingale is a mathematical series in which the best prediction for the next number is the current number. The concept is used in probability theory, to estimate the results of random motion. For example, suppose that you have $50 and bet it all on a coin toss. How much money will you have after the toss? You may have $100 or you may have $0 after the toss, but statistically the best prediction is $50; your original starting position. The prediction of your fortunes after the toss is a martingale. (To learn how this applies to trading, see Forex Trading The Martingale Way .)

In stock option pricing, stock market returns could be assumed to be martingales. According to this theory, the valuation of the option does not depend on the past pricing trend, or on any estimate of future price trends. The current price and the estimated volatility are the only stock-specific inputs.

A martingale in which the next number is more likely to be higher, is known as a sub-martingale. In popular literature, this motion is known as a random walk with upward drift. This description is consistent with the more than 80 years of stock market pricing history. Despite many short-term reversals. the overall trend has been consistently higher. (To learn more about random walk, read Financial Concepts: Random Walk .)

If stock returns are essentially random, the best prediction for tomorrow’s market price is simply today’s price, plus a very small increase. Rather than focusing on past trends and looking for possible momentum or mean reversion, investors should instead concentrate on managing the risk inherent in their volatile investments.

The Search for Value
Value investors purchase stock cheaply and expect to be rewarded later. Their hope is that an inefficient market has underpriced the stock, but that the price will adjust over time. The question is does this happen and why would an inefficient market make this adjustment?

Research suggests that this mispricing and readjustment consistently happens, although it presents very little evidence for why it happens.

In 1964, Gene Fama and Ken French studied decades of stock market history and developed the three-factor model to explain stock market prices. The most significant factor in explaining future price returns was valuation, as measured by the price-to-book ratio. Stocks with low price-to-book ratios delivered significantly better returns than other stocks. (To read more about this ratio, see Value By The Book .)

Valuation ratios tend to move in the same direction and in 1977, Sanjoy Basu found similar results for stocks with low price-earnings (P/E) ratios. Since then, the same effect has been found in many other studies across dozens of markets. (For more on this, check out Understanding The P/E Ratio .)

However, studies have not explained why the market is consistently mispricing these “value” stocks and then adjusting later. The only conclusion that could be drawn is that these stocks have extra risk, for which investors demand additional compensation. (To learn more about this phenomenon, read The Equity-Risk Premium: More Risk For Higher Returns and Calculating The Equity Risk Premium .)

Price is the driver of the valuation ratios, therefore, the findings do support the idea of a mean-reverting stock market. As prices climb, the valuation ratios get higher and, as a result, future predicted returns are lower. However, the market P/E ratio has fluctuated widely over time and has never been a consistent buy or sell signal .

The Bottom Line
Even after decades of study by the brightest minds in finance, there are no solid answers. The only conclusion that can be drawn is that there may be some momentum effects, in the short term. and a weak mean reversion effect, in the long term.

The current price is a key component of valuation ratios such as P/B and P/E, that have been shown to have some predictive power on the future returns of a stock. However, these ratios should not be viewed as specific buy and sell signals, just factors that have been shown to play a role in increasing or reducing the expected long-term return.





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Stock Market: London Stock Exchange, FTSE Index and Market News #stock #market

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The stock market has already picked the next U #business #ideas #for #kids

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The stock market has already picked the next U.S. president

The GOP is traditionally known as the party of Wall Street, but this year investors, for the most part, are betting against the Republican standard-bearer.

“The market appears to have decided not only that [Hillary] Clinton will win, but that it won’t be close,” David Woo, a strategist at Bank of America Merrill Lynch, said in a report distributed Monday. “Investors like landslide victories.”

Woo noted that the S P 500 has risen more than 4% since July 5, which marks the beginning of the 90-trading-day countdown to the election on Nov. 8. During years when presidential candidates won by a margin of more than 80% of Electoral College votes, the S P 500 posted average returns of 8.4% in the 90 days leading up to the election, as this chart illustrates:

The last time stocks outperformed the current rally at the halfway point was when Ronald Reagan won in a landslide against Walter Mondale in 1984.

“To us, this implies that the market is expecting Hillary Clinton to either maintain or increase her already sizable lead over Donald Trump in the opinion polls,” Woo said, citing the Iowa Electronic Markets. an indicator giving Clinton an 80% chance of beating Trump.

The IEM is a futures market operated for research purposes by the University of Iowa Tippie College of Business.

Earlier this year, Sam Stovall, U.S. equity strategist at S P Global Market Intelligence, noted that the S P 500 SPX, +0.42% has a fairly good record of predicting election results.

Since 1944, the incumbent person or party was reelected 82% of the time when the S P 500 rose between July 31 and Oct. 31, according to Stovall. The only exceptions were in 1968 and 1980, when there were popular third-party candidates in the picture.

“Whenever the S P 500 fell in price during these three months, however, it signaled the replacement of the incumbent 86% of the time,” he said.

The latest polling numbers show Clinton leading Trump in most voter surveys, according to news and data aggregator RealClearPolitics.

The S P 500 hit a record high of 2,193.81 on Aug. 15 and is poised to extend its rally to six straight months. The Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, +0.39% also is flirting with a slight gain in August—which would be its seventh monthly rise in a row, according to FactSet.

Meanwhile, the market is also expecting a split Congress and very little change in policy, according to Woo.

The volatility of the euro-dollar pairing EURUSD, -0.3751% which the strategist views as a good proxy to measure the risk of change in the U.S. versus the rest of the world, is at a 2016 low, implying subdued expectations for policy change.

“The combination of a Democratic president and a split Congress likely means gridlock,” Woo said. “If this scenario materializes, the experience of the past six years suggests there is little chance of a major change in the fundamental economic policies of the most important country in the world in the foreseeable future.”

As a result, investors could expect lower interest rates and a weaker dollar. But in the event the same party wins the White House and control of Congress, the greenback will strengthen and rates will rise, Woo said.

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Stock Market Websites #business #article

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Finance Websites

Here are some popular Finance Websites to help you get the information you need and advance your trading even further.

List of Finance Websites:

Quotes, news, tools

  • Google Finance user friendly charts, screeners, news. This is powered by Google, and allows exporting of some historical data. They even have an API if you want to integrate it with stock picking software
  • Yahoo Finance user friendly charts, screeners, news, options, bonds. Yahoo! Finance is a source we use often for some of the latest-breaking investment news stories
  • Barchart technical charts, news, futures, options, Forex
  • Stockwatch quotes and news
  • Nasdaq quotes, news, analyst ratings, lots of information
  • TheGlobeandMail quotes, charts, ratings, news
  • MarketWatch quotes, charts, news, personal finance
  • Bloomberg quotes, news
  • Reuters quotes, news
  • Ino quotes, news,futures
  • Zacks screeners, news, earnings
  • The Street quotes, cramer, news
  • Wall Street Journal quotes, news

News and Blogs

  • Seeking Alpha Contributors from around the world post news, share investing advice, and more. There are popular stock games on HowTheMarketWorks and Virtual-Stock-Exchange run by Seeking Alpha members
  • Zero Hedge
  • Green Faucet
  • Forbes

Futures and Commodities

Brokerages

Misc

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10 Best Stock Market Investment News, Analysis – Research Sites #business #advertising

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10 Best Stock Market Investment News, Analysis Research Sites

Ah, investing a word that can strike fear into the hearts of even the most burly and masculine of men. A subject with such a broad and potentially confusing scope of choices, it can bewilder even the most savvy of businessmen.

Even though I consider myself well-versed in general investment information, there is a world of knowledge, terminology, and strategy that is just beyond my comprehension, and will likely always be.

So where should I, the layman, turn to when I seek competent and comprehensive stock market investment research and analysis ?

Top 10 Stock Market Investment Research Websites

Keep in mind that the main focus of these sites, above all else, is equities. So if you are looking to research ETFs. mutual funds. hedge funds, or any other diversified investment type. many of these websites may not have what you are looking for.

1. Investopedia
If you are just beginning to learn about the world of investments, Investopedia is your one-stop shop for anything and everything. Here, you can look up definitions of terms, register for newsletters with valuable information, use their stock simulator to see how much an investment earns or loses over time, and much more. You can research stocks by company name or ticker symbol and get quite a bit of information about a desired company. They also have a neat Financial Edge section, which can help you with some of the important fundamental principles of personal finance and the markets.

2. Yahoo! Finance
As much as I would like to skip this one over for some of the lesser-known research portals, Yahoo! Finance is just too good. Aside from the myriad of company reports, which you are required to pay for, all of the information at Yahoo finance is free for the taking.

3. Motley Fool
Don t let the name bother you these guys are all business. Whether you are looking to do your own research, or prefer the advice of a seasoned veteran, The Motley Fool has it all. I tend to prefer to follow my own (sometimes idiotic) investment decisions, but if you need help, or want to see what the experts recommend, there are pay services at Motley Fool that may be a good option for you. I have not used them myself, but the few people that I know who have followed their advice have had nothing but positive things to say, and a good amount of success to boot.

4. The Street
If you pay any attention to the world of investing. you know the name Jim Cramer. Personally, I think he is little more than a caricature, but some people swear by him. Mr. Cramer is one of the big name contributors at The Street. That not withstanding, The Street is, in my humble opinion, the best website for investing related articles. The writers have vast knowledge and fantastic insight, without losing focus on what is important the investors for whom they write.

5. Wall Street Journal
For decades, the Wall Street Journal newspaper has been a staple for information and research for investors. Although most of us have done away with the daily black and white delivery method, the Wall Street Journal online delivers even more valuable information than its nearly obsolete predecessor. Nowadays, the Journal s online presence includes The Wall Street Journal. MarketWatch. Barron s. and SmartMoney. among others. All of these sites are valuable resources for investing information, especially when seeking out company-specific news.

6. MSN Money
Microsoft tends to be a pretty self-serving company, at least in my opinion. Even so, once you learn to glance over all of the Microsoft related news at MSN Money, what you get is another fantastic avenue for portfolio boosting. The one complaint I have with MSN Money is the formatting. When looking at stock quotes, there are no lines distinguishing ads from news or charts, which occasionally will take you off-course by clicking an advertisement by mistake.

7. Zacks Investment Research
Zack s does require a membership in order to get to the juicy stuff, but the membership is free and well worth the three minutes it takes to sign up. Here, you will be able to do in-depth research on both stocks and funds. You will also have access to many public and independent reports that will assist you on your quest for the perfect personal investment portfolio .

8. Investor Guide
Investor Guide has many of the same features you ll notice on other sites on this list, so why does it make my top ten? The stock helper tool. First, this tool helps you to determine an optimal investing strategy and style. Then, it provides a list of companies for you to research. Once your list is complete, you will see what others think of each company on your research list. Investor Guide does a great job of aggregating this information from many different sites for you. You will then evaluate the company s competition, decide what to buy, and reap the benefits.

9. Seeking Alpha
Seeking Alpha is amazing. My one complaint is that there is actually too much information packed into one page, which at times can make it difficult to navigate. If it weren t for the massive amount of content on Seeking Alpha, it would be much higher on this list. Company news is the main focus of the site, so if you have a list of companies to research, this is a pretty good place to start.

10. Online Brokerages
Personally, my account has been housed at Sharebuilder for years now, and their research tools are very good. In the beginning, they had a clumsy interface that was slow and filled with glitches. Since then, they have done an amazing job of streamlining and improving content to the point of near perfection. No matter who you invest with online, be sure to use their research tools, as most of them have easy to use interfaces with plenty of information to sort through. Some of the more popular online stock brokers include E*TRADE. TradeKing. Scottrade. and OptionsHouse .

Final Word

When you are looking to conduct your own investment research, closely monitor where you go online. It is very easy to end up on hot stock pick sites, penny stock investing sites, or poorly executed attempts at legitimacy. Many of these sites are fronts for someone to sell you their foolproof system or something similar. Everything I have provided above is free of charge, though a few of them offer paid services above and beyond what most of us need.

Do you have a preferred investment research site? Tell us about them and what features you like most in the comments below.

You are looking at Matthew Breed. He is a 30 year old sports nerd who lives in North Florida with his fiancee, Sarah. Originally in school for a Business degree that did not work out due to capricious youth and irresponsibility, he is currently “getting past” his Peter Pan syndrome and attends classes for a degree in Information Technology while working full time. His care for personal finance stems from a modest upbringing with fiscally responsible parents who highly value education and frown upon frivolity.

heyyy . Nice post you have been shared here. I would like to look forward to the next post. Thanks for sharing .will be waiting for the next post. It helps me a lot.

There s just so much tripe on Seeking Alpha that I ve stopped going there. Anyone can be a self-appointed expert on the site and there is a lot of pumping that goes on in the guise of analysis. Don t know how you can separate the wheat from the chaff.

http://www.dividendinvestor.com/ Richard Gere

Hi, some great sites. Google’s Finance can also be included. Thoughts?

I honestly can t imagine how you consider SeekingAlpha to be an informational site. Journalistically bankrupt. Opinions, not facts. The same useless opinions cycled over and over. Surely you can do better?

None of your business

Would the author of this site mind putting a DATE on his article? Or is not putting a date on it a sleazy way of milking more hits out of the page?

I agree. Investopedia is a great resource for learning stock trading.

Best online analysis is in INVESTOOLS at TD Ameritrade. They are now Number 1 in the industry.

Stock Rover is a great tool for individual investors, all the data in one dashboard. And its free! Premium version isnt too expensive either

As FatMan points out below, Seeking Alpha is garbage. Ask any CFA level analyst and you will get the same response. So much of it is agenda driven content/amateur hour content.





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NYSE Stock Market Holiday Closings 2016-2017 #business #partnership

#financial markets today

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Wall Street Daily

NYSE Holiday Closings 2016-2017

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. EST. However, it closes for official U.S. holidays or in the event of a major disruption. Most U.S. exchanges follow the NYSE s schedule. Below is a complete schedule of NYSE Holiday closings for 2016-2017.

Unexpected NYSE Closings

In addition to holidays, the NYSE may shut down under a variety of circumstances, including inclement weather or national emergencies…

The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln in 1865 caused the first extended closure of the NYSE, shuttering the exchange for more than a week.

The exchange was down for five months in 1914 at the onset of World War I. The market didn’t close on December 8, 1941, the day after the Pearl Harbor bombing, but did close for two days in August 1945 to mark the surrender of Japan.

The NYSE closed September 11-14, 2001, following the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.

Of course, the NYSE doesn’t just close for solemn occasions – sometimes they’re celebratory.

For instance, NYSE closed for three days in 1889 to mark the centennial of President George Washington s inauguration. The exchange was also down for three days in 1892 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus arrival in the New World.

And it closed on July 21, 1969 to honor the first moon landing.

Hurricanes, computer failures, and power outages have also prompted unexpected closings of the NYSE. On July 8, 2015, for instance, the computer systems at the NYSE went down for nearly four hours during the day’s trading session.





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The High Yield Bond Market Has Never Been This Decoupled From Reality #personal #business

#bond market news

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The High Yield Bond Market Has Never Been This Decoupled From Reality

Recovery rates in 2016 are extremely low.. for high-yield bonds, the recovery rate YTD is 10.3% (10.5% senior secured and 0.5% senior subordinate), which is well below the 25-year annual average of 41.4%. Final recovery rates in 2015 for high-yield bonds were 25.2%, compared with recoveries of 48.1%, 52.7%, 53.2%, 48.6%, and 41.0% in full-years 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, and 2010, respectively. Notably, average recoveries for Energy and Metals/Mining bonds were 18.3% and 20.0%, respectively, which weighed down overall high-yield recovery rates. Excluding the troubled commodity sectors, high-yield recoveries were a more respectable 46.1% (32.1% Ex-Energy only ). As for loans, recovery rates for first-lien loans thus far in 2016 are 24.5%, compared with their 18-year annual average of 67.2%. Final 2015 1st lien recoveries were 48.2%, while average recoveries for Energy and Metals/Mining 1st lien loans were 44.1% and 38.4%, respectively.

The record collapse in recovery rates is shown below.

It is not just JPM who points out what we first noticed in January: in an interview with Goldman s Allison Nathan, credit guru Edward Altman reiterates that same warning, although he focuses on the 2015 recovery rate which already is more than two times higher than that seen in 2016 defaults:

Allison Nathan: What is your view on recovery rates?

Edward Altman: Our approach to recovery rates is not centered on sectors. What we ve looked at carefully over 25 years is the correlation between default rates and recovery rates. As you would expect, when the former rise to high or above-average levels, you always observe the latter dropping to below-average levels. This strong inverse relationship is as much a function of supply and demand as it is of company fundamentals. So if we are expecting a higher default rate in 2016 and even 2017, then we would expect a lower recovery rate. Already in 2015, the recovery rate dropped dramatically relative to 2014 even though the default rate was below average; we saw a 33-34% recovery rate versus the historical average of 45%, measured as the price just after default. This is primarily due to the heavy concentration of energy companies whose recovery rates depend on their ability to liquidate their assets at reasonable prices, which in turn depends on the price of oil. Low oil prices have pushed recovery rates in the energy sector below 25% and even into the single digits for some companies. And that s going to continue. So this year I expect recovery rates much below average, producing a double-whammy of high default rates and low recovery rates for credit investors.

Since then recovery rates have dropped even further. BUT high-yield bond prices have surged on the back of ECB, BOE buying and the knock-on effects of $200 billion per month of experimentation by the world s central-planners.

Simply put, the revelation of a default event exposes the vast gap between real asset values (upon liquidation or bankruptcy) and the artificially supported prices seen in bond markets .

In the 30 year life of the so-called junk bond market, the chasm between reality and central-planner-created markets has never been wider.





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