Tag: College

Business – Accounting – Full-time program – Georgian College #business #contracts

#business accounting


Business – Accounting

Program description

This program introduces students to the various functional aspects of business in general, and accounting in particular. Graduates are able to apply computer, communication, and mathematical skills and employ management accounting techniques to support accounting activities, including the maintenance of accounting records and the preparation of financial statements and individual tax returns.

Why study Business – Accounting at Georgian?

Our instructors excel at finding interesting and meaningful ways to explain even the most complex accounting principles.

Our grads get hired in small businesses, financial institutions, government offices, non-profit organizations, manufacturing firms and more!

Admission information

Admission requirements

OSSD or equivalent with

  • Grade 12 English (C or U)
  • any Grade 11* or 12 Mathematics (C, M, or U) *Minimum of 60% in Grade 11 College or University level Mathematics (MBF3C or MCF3M)

Admission details

You must meet ONE of the following requirements to be eligible for admission to these programs:

Secondary school applicants:

  • OSS Curriculum: OSSD or equivalent with Grade 12 English (C) or (U) (ENG4C, ENG4U); plus any Grade 11* or 12 College level mathematics (MBC3C, MAP4C or MCT4C) or 11* or 12 University level mathematics (MCF3M, MCR3U, MCV4U, MCB4U, MGA4U, MHF4U or MDM4U). (*Minimum of 60% in Grade 11 College or University level mathematics MCB3C, MCF3M or MCR3U)

Non-Secondary school applicants (19 years or older):

  • Any credit Communication course and most credit mathematics courses taken at Georgian College
  • College preparatory programs including those taken at Georgian College: Business Foundations*
  • Equivalent courses in English and mathematics taken through secondary school or Independent Learning Centres (at the general, advanced, college or university level)
  • Academic and Career Entrance Certificate (ACE) program with communications and business, apprentice or technical mathematics*
  • Mature student testing in English and mathematics that meets the minimum standards for admission (available through most testing services)*
  • Ontario High School Equivalency Certificate (GED)
  • English, Literature or Communication credit courses and most mathematics credit courses from accredited colleges/universities

Home school applicants:

  • Applicants can write the mature student testing in English and mathematics that meets the minimum standards for admission (available through testing services)*

* available from Georgian College. For a complete listing please contact the Office of the Registrar.



Mandatory Courses

ACCT1000 Financial Accounting Principles 1
MKTG1000 Introduction to Marketing
MATH1002 Mathematics of Finance
BUSI1001 Introduction to Organizational Behaviour
ACCT1001 Financial Accounting Principles 2
ACCT1002 Computerized Accounting
ECON1000 Microeconomics
COMP1003 Microcomputer Applications
ACCT2001 Intermediate Accounting 1
ACCT2003 Cost Accounting 1
LAWS2000 Business Law
ECON2000 Macroeconomics
STAT2000 Statistics 1
ACCT2002 Intermediate Accounting 2
ACCT2000 Cost Accounting 2
FNCE2002 Taxation
ACCT3004 Acctg Information Systems
FNCE2010 Financial Management
HURM1000 Human Res. Mgmt. Foundations

Communications Courses

To be selected at time of registration from the College list, as determined by testing.

General Education Courses

To be selected from College list

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Best College Startups #small #business #start #up

#business ideas for college students


16 Great Startups College Students Are Working On Right Now


Incredibly high profile successes by young founders like Mark Zuckerberg have made founding a startup an increasingly attractive career path for college kids.

Schools know it, and more and more of them are creating accelerators, competitions, and classes designed to get student ideas off the ground.

As a result, students aren’t waiting to graduate to get started, they’re using their connections at school and the support they’re getting to create fascinating startups. We’ve collected 16 of our favorites.

These aren’t just another set of apps. Some of these students found business prospects in the most unlikely of places, like a roll of toilet paper. And others, like Gabrielle Palermo, started college with the idea of becoming a doctor but figured out a way to convert her dream of helping people into a business of potentially global proportions.

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College of Business #business #networking

#business colleges


You have unlimited possibilities for success at Tennessee State University. We’re a leading institution of higher learning and provide students with the opportunity to experience academic and personal growth. You’ll receive instruction from top-notch faculty and be immersed in research, service learning, and student life activities, including internships, cultural, and study abroad opportunities.



Our world-class faculty will teach you how to apply what you learn in the classroom to real-world situations. As a student, you will become a problem solver and critical thinker. You may begin the admissions process by submitting your application. The university also assists in providing information on financial aid services, work-study, fellowships and scholarships based on eligibility and other rules and regulations established by the agencies.

Tennessee State University students go by the motto: “Think. Work. Serve.” But we also realize a little fun should be part of the collegiate experience to create a holistic approach to learning. With a variety of social, professional and civic clubs for students to participate in, there are many opportunities for you to share your time and talents and enjoy connecting with your fellow students to create the work-life balance needed for success in college and beyond.

Tennessee State University counts on the generous contributions of alumni and friends to fulfill our mission of providing a top-notch, affordable education to the best and brightest students. Every gift, no matter the size, makes a difference. When you support TSU, you help provide critically needed scholarships, departmental support and other special project funding that benefits our students.

Tennessee State University is engaging in cutting-edge research to address critical challenges in our society. Our research arm supports faculty and students by taking their ideas from conception to fruition in critical areas such as biotechnology, homeland security and agriculture, to name a few. Our Centers of Excellence encourage collaborative and experimental learning opportunities and help expand the boundaries of science, education and technology.

Tennessee State University Athletics is part of the Ohio Valley Conference (OVC) NCAA Division Ⅰ and offers football, men’s basketball, women’s basketball, track and field, golf, tennis, softball and volleyball. We provide student-athletes with a positive academic and social environment to excel on and off the field. Our mission is to blend physical, emotional and intellectual development into one experience. We not only build winning-teams, but leaders in the classroom, in the community and in your profession of choice.

Tennessee State University is a world-class university known for academic excellence, incredible students, inspiring faculty, exceptional value and an amazing campus and community. We invite you to learn more about TSU and our academic programs, admissions process, tuition and financial aid, campus visits, student housing and more.

Tennessee State University is dedicated to helping students develop the skills needed for the real world. Our vibrant campus life, leadership opportunities, rigorous academic programs, access to scholarships and student services are just a few of the student services we offer. We are preparing career-ready professionals today for knowledge-based jobs tomorrow. The Tiger legacy continues with you.

TSU loves parents! And we encourage you to stay involved with your Tennessee State University student. We strive to make the transition to college and beyond flow as smoothly as possible for everyone. We’ll keep you up-to-date on campus happenings through a monthly eNewsletter, a helpful Parent Guide and through many other programs and events. We’re here to help you and your student make the most out of your TSU experience.

At Tennessee State University, our blood runs blue! We enjoy connecting, socializing and sharing news about the great things our alumni are doing across the globe. From our annual Homecoming celebration to donor events and volunteer activities, TSU alumni always find time to celebrate what it means to be a Big Blue Tiger. We welcome you back to campus anytime to rekindle your most memorable experiences.

Welcome to Tennessee State University, located in the heart of Nashville, one of the nation’s most progressive cities! Whether you are here for your first visit, planning a campus tour or returning after many years away, TSU welcomes you to enjoy our facilities, hospitality and our unique history and contributions.

Tennessee State University is proud to have 1,200 distinguished administrators, faculty and staff members as part of our team. With outstanding reputations for teaching, research and service, these professionals make valuable contributions to our community of scholars and ensure that TSU is a thriving public institution of higher learning.

Our Story

The College of Business is uniquely poised in the heart of downtown Nashville as a strong, robust, and expanding educational, entrepreneurship and research engine, positively impacting the entrepreneurial and economic tapestry of Nashville, the State of Tennessee, and the world. Through innovative teaching, research focused on contemporary business concepts, and a culture anchored by a commitment to service and life-long learning, the college’s approximately 900 undergraduate and graduate students are prepared by a dedicated and culturally diverse faculty for global economic success.

The TSU College of Business Story.

  • The first business school in Nashville to earn dual accreditation from the most prestigious accrediting body for business schools in the world, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB International )

  • Selected by the Nashville Scene Magazine in 2012 as one of the top 3 MBA Programs in Nashville. The TSU MBA offers concentrations in:
    • Accounting
    • Management of Information Systems
    • Finance
    • Supply Chain Management
  • Internationally recognized faculty, all holding doctorate degrees, published more than 400 scholarly works within the past 5 years.
  • New collaborative MBA program with Tianjin Polytechnic University in China.
  • The College edits, publishes, an international scholarly publication, The Journal of Developing Areas.
  • The College has a state-of-the art Financial Trading Room.
  • Bachelor of Business Administration Degree in:
    • Accounting
    • Business Administration
    • Business Information Systems
    • Economics and Finance
  • New Undergraduate Concentrations in: Hospitality Management, International Business
  • Globally recognized Supply Chain Management undergraduate and graduate programs
  • Two distinguished endowed Chairs of Excellence in Accounting and Banking Financial Services.
  • The College has strong corporate and business leadership support through our 5 boards of advisors.

Our mission is to educate current and future business professionals through innovative teaching and research focused on contemporary business concepts for the global economy, complemented with a commitment to service and lifelong learning.

How we see ourselves…

The College of Business strives to achieve national and international prominence in educating current and future business professionals for the global economy

When you choose the College of Business, you benefit from our small class sizes and the practical experience of our notable faculty. All full-time permanent faculty in the College of Business hold doctoral degrees and follow our guiding principles and core values:

With flexible class schedules—day, evening, and weekend offerings—and innovative teaching that integrates business ethics, international business, and computer applications, you’ll be well prepared to compete successfully in the global marketplace, whether you travel around the world or find your niche in Nashville.


Whether you envision a start-up from scratch or you have your sights on the C-suite of a Fortune 500 company, you can make your mark with a degree from our exciting programs.

Preparing You for a Professional Career

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Best College Startups #business #dictionary

#business ideas for college students


16 Great Startups College Students Are Working On Right Now


Incredibly high profile successes by young founders like Mark Zuckerberg have made founding a startup an increasingly attractive career path for college kids.

Schools know it, and more and more of them are creating accelerators, competitions, and classes designed to get student ideas off the ground.

As a result, students aren’t waiting to graduate to get started, they’re using their connections at school and the support they’re getting to create fascinating startups. We’ve collected 16 of our favorites.

These aren’t just another set of apps. Some of these students found business prospects in the most unlikely of places, like a roll of toilet paper. And others, like Gabrielle Palermo, started college with the idea of becoming a doctor but figured out a way to convert her dream of helping people into a business of potentially global proportions.

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Top 10 Business Ideas for College Students #business #process #outsourcing

#business ideas for college students


Top 10 Business Ideas for College Students

In the world today, the job market for fresh college graduates is becoming more and more unpredictable with each academic session that comes to an end. Many colleges and degree awarding institutions churn out graduates faster than the labor market can handle. Year after year, millions of college graduates join their pairs all over the world in search of jobs that aren’t just there. While the unemployment figures for college graduate continues to rise, finding the few jobs that are available for grabs has turned into a fierce competition among graduates.

For college students and fresh college graduates who want to stand out on their own as young entrepreneurs in the 21 st century, here are the Top 10 business ideas you can start right out of college.

1. Start your own “Mini” Real Estate Agency
You can start your very own real estate business by offering property finding services to people who want a change of apartment or shop owners who want to expand their businesses to other locations. If you reside close to a college, you can also offer this service to college students looking for accommodation. The potential for making this business a success of this business is unlimited. All you need is some dedication. You can spend your spare time searching for vacant houses around your neighborhood and listing them on flyers along with your contact details so that people who are in need of such accommodations can get in touch with you.

2. Become a Personal Coach
If you were good at a particular sport while in college, then becoming a personal coach is another wonderful way to start a business right out of college. There are lots of people out there seeking to be trained in a new sport. Some just want to burn their idle time by trying out a new sport just for the fun of it. However the case may be, it’s your goldmine for a business opportunity. It doesn’t matter if you are giving swimming lessons to a kid or teaching a bank executive how to play tennis, becoming a personal trainer in any sport you are perfect in is another good business idea you can start right out of college.

3. Setting up a Social Media Consultancy Agency
Setting up a social media consultancy agency is another business idea you can start right out of college, especially if you possess excellent communication and marketing skills. Most small business owners often have to handle their own social media marketing, but with so much responsibilities and very little time to get things done, most of them outsource their social marketing needs to media consultants. As a consultant, you get to help them decide on the best strategies for their businesses, to create and post content for your clients target audiences, etc. The beauty about this business idea is that it is not restricted to small business owners alone, even large organizations outsource their social media marketing needs to consultants from time to time.

4. Start a Tutoring service
Setting up a tutoring service is another good business idea for any fresh college graduate who is looking to earn some money while still on the job hunt. If you were excellent in certain subjects while in college, you can make a lot of money by offering to teach people who are having problems with those specific subjects. You can tutor college students who are having problems in certain areas of their studies or high school grad students preparing for their SAT exams. Another wonderful way of expanding this wonderful business idea is by creating and packaging tutorial materials on your area of expertise and selling them online for extra profit.

5. Start a Dog Walking and Pet Grooming service
Quite a lot of people love pets, most especially cats and dogs. In fact there’s hardly ever a house you will come across in the United States without a pet. Many dog owners love their dogs and want them looking smooth, well-groomed and smelling nice. If you love handling pets and being around dogs, then you can start a dog walking and pet grooming service as a fresh college graduate. The remarkable thing about this business is that it requires little or no capital. All you need is your spare time and a few bucks advertising your services around the neighborhood.

6. Start a Barbing and Hair Styling Salon
If you are skilled in the area of barbing and hair styling, you can start a business of your own as a fresh college graduate by providing hair cuts or hair styling services to people in your neighborhood. Acquiring the skill to become a barber or hair-stylist doesn t take too long, and it’s a skill you can learn while in college or immediately you are out of college. The essential thing is being able to provide superb service to your customers time and again. You can even decide to take this business a step further by providing exclusive home services to clients who are either too busy or reluctant to hit the salon.

7. Become a Personal Fitness Trainer
In the society today, keeping physically fit and healthy is an essential part of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. However, due to their busy schedules, not many people have the time to visit the gym on a regular basis. As a fresh college graduate, you can set up your own business by being a personal fitness trainer to people who want to keep fit. Many would willingly pay for the services of a personal fitness trainer who will train them regularly at home. You will definitely find this business very easy to run, especially if you are passionate about health and fitness while you were in college. This is definitely another business idea you can start right out of college.

8. Become a Content and Freelance Writer
Thanks to the social media and new wave of digital marketing, many businesses are looking for skilled and creative writers to produce top-quality contents for their businesses and other media outlets. If you have a way with words and are passionate about writing as a fresh college graduate, then you can start your very own content writing and freelance service. If you are an excellent researcher with the ability to find and organize quality information about any area of interest to your clients, then this will also serve as a plus in building this business idea. Go ahead and check Freelancer.com ,Elance and Fiverr to see the most popular fields for contract work.

9. Start a Home and Office Cleaning Service
As a college graduate, you can make lots money from cleaning homes and offices by setting up your own home and office cleaning business. Most people, due to their tight schedules are often too busy to clean up their apartments and offices by themselves. A good number of them simply outsource this responsibility to other people so they can have time to focus on other aspects of their daily lives. This is another opportunity for you to start your own business by providing cost effective cleaning services to them.

10. Selling Handmade Crafts
Are you a graduate just right out of college, with a penchant for jewelry making, knitting or creating other small crafts? Selling these handmade crafts for profit on the internet is a very good business idea you can develop as a fresh college graduate. Once you can produce a lot of items quickly, you can open up an online storefront on ebay and sell your creations to the public. The amazing thing about this business idea is that the startup capital is extremely small. If you are able to purchase your materials in bulk from a trusted supplier and deliver orders on time, then you will surely be in profit in no time.

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8 Easy, Low-Cost Businesses Any College Student Can Start #top #ten #business #ideas

#business ideas for college students


8 Easy, Low-Cost Businesses Any College Student Can Start

Hi there, you can call me Aaron. I’m cofounder at livecube and I’m based in Greater New York City Area.

Let’s face it: summer internships aren’t the best route for all students. Some with an entrepreneurial side and a business-savvy mindset just need more—both in terms of real-life experience and dollars. For students who want a high return, low barrier to entry, freedom to be their own boss and something that will look great on an MBA application, here are nine low-cost starter businesses that college students can start.

Food Cart

There are only three things you need to create a food cart: a cart/kiosk, a license to sell and food to cook. Sites like GigMasters.com offer food carts for rent across the U.S. or you could set up your own table. The key is to finding a good location such as near a college campus or shopping area. Permits range depending on the location. For instance, a permit in Philadelphia is $150, while a permit for New York City is $200. Hot dogs, baked goods and tacos sell well due to low-cost supplies and minimal labor.

Avon Sales Rep

If you’re good with sales and you want to be your own boss without the added costs of starting your own business, being a sales rep for Avon is a good bet. With just $10, you’re on the way to getting things started and unlike other direct sales companies, the starter kit is included in this fee. Set your own hours, a space for yourself in your house and run your business as you please.

SAT Tutoring

No one is more qualified to tutor prospective college students on the SATs than a college student who did well on it. SAT prep books cost between $20 and $30. Set aside money for advertising in your local paper and put up your own ads in public places. Set your hourly rate at a reasonable price. TestMagic charges $85 per hour while others go as high as $200 per hour.

T-shirt Company

Raymond Lei, creator of ooShirts. created his own custom T-shirt business while in college. If you’ve got a funny sense of humor or great design style, starting your own shirt company is a great venture. After you’ve drafted a few ideas, the next step is to find a printer. Depending on how many shirts you’re printing, costs can run high, but as long as the demand is even higher, you’ll continue to be profitable. Think about getting a stand at a local flea market or street festival to boost sales.

Moving Service

All you need to begin your own moving services is a moving truck, a valid license and some brawny friends. U-Haul trucks typically between $20 to 40 per day (plus mileage) and most movers charge about $200 to $400 for a local move. Advertise your “man with a van” service on Craigslist and on public bulletin boards. Also use the Web by posting on Facebook and Foursquare, as well as asking friends or clients to review your business on Yelp. You can also find dollies, hand-trucks, blankets, and other moving supplies on Craigslist.


Starting your own babysitting service can be easy, as long as you invest in the proper resources and become qualified. First, obtain a childcare license which can cost up to $100. You should be first aid and CPR trained, and these certificates cost about $50 (though some places, like the Red Cross, offer this for free). Advertise your service locally, or on trusted babysitter websites such as Sittercity.com and Care.com. Your best chance of success is by having a flexible schedule, such as availability on evenings and weekends. Parents will be especially impressed with students majoring in education, child psychology or art therapy.

Arts and Crafts

If you’re an artist, selling your work can be the perfect entrepreneurial venture for you. You can set up a profile on Etsy and sell your work there, as well as at arts and crafts festivals and school campuses. It might be helpful to have a website you can direct people to for photos of your work and contact information. Look at the most popular items on Etsy and at craft fairs, such as jewelry, hats, clothing and other objects. And to keep costs low, look for materials that can be repurposed (and possibly even donated by local businesses—”reclaimed” is hot these days).

Website Design

Almost every small business wishes it had a better website. If you have skills and experience with HTML, WordPress, Flash or other site-building platforms (and some graphic design chops), you can freelance your work for a hefty profit. If you want a simple projects, logos can be sold for over $300 apiece. Create packages in which you offer bundled services, such as revamping a site and starting a blog for a flat fee. Build a portfolio of mock-up home pages and bring your iPad to prospect meetings to show it off.

Did you have an enterprise to raise money for college?

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Admission Requirements #requirements #for #college #admission


Admission Requirements

This section will give you 10 things you need to either know or do to apply. You can then use our checklist for first-year applicants to make sure you have all of the required elements together before submitting your application. Want more detail? Download and print our Freshman Application Instructions .

1. Basic Requirements

Before you get started, be sure that you have completed all the basic educational requirements outlined on the Freshman Requirements Chart.

You will also need to decide to apply for early or regular decision. If Cornell is your first choice, consider applying under the early decision plan. Early decision applications are reviewed in the fall, and you will be notified in mid-December of Cornell’s decision. Before applying early decision, know that:

  • November 1 is the application deadline.
  • Early decision is binding. If you’re admitted to Cornell, you are required to withdraw any applications you’ve sent to other schools and send your enrollment deposit to Cornell by early January.
  • You can be admitted or denied during early decision as well as postponed to regular decision. Students whose applications are postponed to regular decision are no longer subject to the early decision binding commitment.
  • While early decision acceptances to Cornell are binding, students may be eligible to be released from the early decision agreement if the financial aid award does not make a Cornell education affordable for applicants and their families (must have applied for financial aid).

Cornell University will honor any required commitment to matriculate which has been made to another college under an Early Decision plan.

2. Choosing a College

Applicants are not permitted to change the college(s) to which they have applied after they have submitted the application. Requests to change colleges will not be honored.

3. Application

Cornell uses the Common Application (CA) or the Universal College Application (UCA). both of which can be completed and submitted online. Students will choose one format to submit all required application materials. Please do not mix-and-match or duplicate CA and UCA submitted application forms.

4. Application Supporting Materials

In addition to the application, Cornell requires that you also submit the following forms. These forms can be found and submitted online at www.commonapp.org or https://uca.applywithus.com :

  • The School Report – Your counselor or designated school official should submit this form (or your school’s own report form) and your official transcript on your behalf.
  • Counselor Recommendation – Cornell requires a written statement from your guidance counselor or college advisor.
  • Teacher Evaluations – You are required to submit two teacher recommendations. Be sure to remind individuals writing letters for you to include your name and date of birth on all pages if they are sending them by mail.
  • Midyear Report – Submit the Midyear Report as soon after the application deadline as possible. We strongly encourage guidance counselors to submit this online too, so we can process your application faster. We understand that some students with schools on trimesters may not have any new grade information to report at the time of submission, and therefore do not need to send a Midyear Report.

5. Cornell University Supplemental Information

The Cornell Questions and Writing Supplement (CA) or the Cornell Supplement (UCA) is required of all applicants, as it includes important Cornell-specific questions and required essays. This information helps us match your intellectual goals to the Cornell college or school to which you’re applying.

6. Official Transcript

We require you to submit your official secondary/high school transcript(s) before the application deadline. This should be sent by your school online or can be mailed .

7. Standardized Test Scores

You must submit your scores for either the SAT Reasoning Test or the ACT. Some of our undergraduate colleges/schools also have specific requirements for the SAT Subject Tests. Review the Freshman Admission Requirements Chart to see what’s required. It’s your responsibility to make sure that you have taken the right Subject Tests. All required scores must be officially reported to Cornell from the testing agency by our application deadline. Note that Cornell requires students to submit all scores from SAT tests taken and does not participate in the College Board’s Score Choice.

8. Application Fee

Applications must be submitted with the $80 application fee in order to be considered. Submitting the application and the $80 online fee or fee waiver* begins the admission process and should be done as soon as possible to avoid delays.

Cornell’s application fee is $80, and you are required to submit it with your Common Application. Please note that Cornell cannot process your application without the application fee or a fee waiver. Please follow the Common Application instructions. To apply for a fee waiver, please submit one of the following documents:

  • The Common Application fee waiver request completed by your guidance counselor/college advisor as part of the school forms process (online submission available at www.commonapp.org );
  • The College Board Request for Waiver of College Application Fee form (obtainable from your guidance counselor/college advisor if you used SAT Reasoning Test or Subject Test fee waivers) or the ACT Fee Waiver Form (obtainable from your guidance counselor/college advisor if you used ACT fee waivers);
  • The NACAC Application for Fee Waiver Form completed by your guidance counselor/college advisor;
  • A letter from your guidance counselor/college advisor, or representative from a social service or community agency, stating that the fee would cause financial hardship;

If you cannot apply for a fee waiver by one of these methods, please contact the Undergraduate Admissions Office at 607.255.5241. Mail fee waiver documentation to: Undergraduate Admissions Office, Application Processing Center, East Hill Plaza, 349 Pine Tree Road, Ithaca, NY 14850-2899.

9. Interviews

Students applying to the architecture program are required to participate in an interview as part of the admission process and applicants to the Department of Art are encouraged, although not required, to have an interview. Beginning in August, students may visit aap.cornell.edu/admissions/interview.cfm or call 607.255.4376 to schedule an interview.

For all other applicants, there is no interview process and we will not offer interviews for those who request them.

10. Additional Submissions

Finally, there are some other supplemental forms on the UCA website, like the Early Decision Agreement, an Arts Supplement, etc. These are NOT required and we advise you NOT to submit these additional forms with your application. However, some of our majors, like architecture and art, do require additional forms, portfolios, or design indexes. Review the Freshman Admission Requirements Chart to make sure you have all the required items for your intended major.

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Early Childhood Education – Definition, Description #college #for #early #childhood #education


Early childhood education


Early childhood education (ECE) programs include any type of educational program that serves children in the preschool years and is designed to improve later school performance. In the second half of the twentieth century, the early education system in the United States grew substantially. This trend allowed the majority of American children to have access to some form of early childhood education.

There are several types of programs that represent early childhood education. They are also known by a variety of names, including preschool and pre-kindergarten (pre-K). One of the first early childhood education initiatives in the United States was the Head Start program, started in 1965. Head Start is a federal government education initiative that has provided children from low-income families free access to early education. It targets children of low socioeconomic status or those who qualify in some at-risk category. Head Start programs are funded by the federal Department of Health and Human Services.

Many early childhood education programs operate under the auspices of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Under Title I, local educational agencies apply to state agencies for approval of their program, and when approved, the programs are then funded with federal money. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 encourages the use of Title I, Part A funds for preschool programs, recognizing the importance of preparing children for entering school with the language, cognitive, and early reading skills that help them meet later academic challenges. In the school year of 2001 2002 approximately 300,000 children benefiting from Title I services were enrolled in preschool.

Other early childhood education programs may be run by private for-profit companies, churches, or as part of a private school curriculum. These programs are normally tuition-based.

Since the early 1990s, many states have developed options for children from middle- and upper-income families for receiving free preschool education. Georgia introduced the first statewide universal pre-K program, offering free early childhood education to all four-year-old children. New York and Oklahoma have also developed universal pre-K programs, and Florida voters have approved a constitutional amendment for a free pre-school program to be available for all four-year-olds by 2005.

Nearly three-fourths of young children in the United States are involved in some sort of early childhood education. Some groups of children have higher rates of participation in early childhood education programs than others. Children living in low-income households are less likely to be enrolled in ECE than those children in families living above the poverty line. Black and white children enroll in these programs in higher numbers than Hispanic American children. Children with better-educated mothers are more likely than other children to participate.

Benefits of early childhood education

Early childhood education can produce significant gains in children s learning and development. High quality early childhood education assists many at-risk children in avoiding poor outcomes, such as dropping out of school. Although the benefits seem to cross all economic and social lines, the most significant gains are almost always noted among children from families with the lowest income levels and the least amount of formal education. However, whether these benefits are long lasting is disputed. Some studies focused on the IQ score gains of disadvantaged children in Head Start programs, but these gains seemed to be short-term. However, studies also indicate that ECE produces persistent gains on achievement test scores, along with fewer occurrences of being held back a grade and being placed in special education programs. Other long-term benefits include decreased crime and delinquency rates and increased high school graduation. One extensive study found that people who participated in ECE were less likely to be on welfare as adults compared to those who had not received any early childhood education.

All programs in early childhood education are not equally effective in promoting the learning and development of young children. Long-term benefits are usually seen only in high-quality early childhood education programs. A significant problem with early childhood education is that most programs available cannot be considered high quality. In addition, the most effective ones are unaffordable for most American families. The overall effectiveness of an early childhood program is dependent upon several factors: quality staff, an appropriate environment, proper grouping practices, consistent scheduling, and parental involvement. According to the U.S. Department of Education, some additional characteristics of a high-quality early education program are as follows:

  • Children have a safe, nurturing and stimulating environment, with the supervision and guidance of competent, caring adults.
  • Teachers plan a balanced schedule in which the children do not feel rushed or fatigued.
  • The school provides nutritious meals and snacks.
  • The program includes a strong foundation in language development . early literacy, and early math.
  • The program contains a clear statement of goals and philosophy that is comprehensive and addresses all areas of child development.
  • The program engages children in purposeful learning activities and play . instructed by teachers who work from lesson and activity plans.
  • Balance exists between individual, small-group, and large-group activities.
  • Teachers frequently check children s progress.
  • The staff regularly communicate with parents and caregivers so that caregivers are active participants in their children s education.
  • Preschools that operate for a full day on a year-round basis, thus providing children with two years of pre-school, achieve better results than those that offer less intense services.

In high-quality preschool programs, observers should see children working on the following:

  • learning the letters of the alphabet
  • learning to hear the individual sounds in words
  • learning new words and how to use them
  • learning early writing skills
  • learning about written language by looking at books and by listening to stories
  • becoming familiar with math and science

Because of the potential benefits to children, some people support the idea of government-sponsored universal early childhood education programs. Those who support this movement do so for the following reasons:

  • The private and social costs of failing children early in their lives can be high. The lifetime social costs associated with one high school dropout may be as high as $350,000. Even modest improvements may justify the costs of ECE.
  • Some studies show that for every dollar invested in quality ECE citizens save about $7 or more on investment later on.
  • There is a potential for less reliance on welfare and other social services. Government receives more tax revenue because there are more taxpaying adults.
  • People should rethink the value of early childhood education because of increasing needs for a more highly educated workforce in the twenty-first century.
  • Early intervention may prevent intergenerational poverty.

Opponents of universal government early childhood education give the following reasons for objecting to it:

  • Evidence indicates that the positive effects from the fairly expensive and intensive pre-K programs tend to be short-term.
  • The public schools are already fraught with problems, and providing a downward extension to three- and four-year-olds is ill conceived.
  • Some studies show that premature schooling may potentially slow or reduce a child s overall development by reducing valuable play time.
  • Additional studies show that quality early education could as of 2004 cost more than $5,800 per year. The government would be taxing many people who may not wish to pay for preschool for another family s children.

In spite of the controversies, demographic trends in the early 2000s indicate that early childhood education has become, and will continue to be, an important aspect of the U.S. educational system.

Parental concerns

Parents are often understandably concerned about the quality of the early childhood education programs available to them. By taking the time to investigate several schools, most parents find a program with which they and their child are comfortable.


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Manchester Community College – Acalog ACMS™, utica college mba.#Utica #college #mba


2012-13 Catalog

Manchester Community College advances academic, economic, civic, personal and cultural growth by providing comprehensive, innovative and affordable learning opportunities to diverse populations. We are a learning- centered community committed to access, excellence and relevance.

Shared Understanding Shared Responsibility Shared Leadership

Utica college mba

MCC Facts

College founded in 1963. Great Path Academy middle college high school opened Fall 2009.


  • MCC serves over 15,000 students a year.
  • 51% percent of the credit students come from the primary service area of Andover, Bolton, Columbia, Coventry, East Hartford, Glastonbury, Hebron, Manchester, Mansfield/Storrs, Marlborough, South Windsor, Tolland, Union, Vernon/Rockville and Willington.
  • Spring 2012: 7,095students (credit only); 4,074 (full-time equivalent).
  • Fall 2011: 7,499 students (credit only); 4,460 (full-time equivalent).
  • Average age: 26; 54 percent women; 33 percent full time (system average, 39 percent).
  • MCC serves returning students with associate, bachelor s, master s and doctoral degrees.
  • Approximately 33 percent of the credit students are from under-represented racial and ethnic groups.
  • The Continuing Education division serves over 6,000 credit-free and 2,500 credit extension students each year.
  • 260 students in inter-district magnet school, Great Path Academy, in grades 10, 11 and 12.


  • MCC has 449 teaching faculty.
  • Faculty earned degrees from over 100 institutions, including MCC.
  • 39 full-time faculty and staff are graduates of MCC.

Degrees and Certificates

  • MCC offers associate in art and associate in science degrees in over 40 disciplines. Broad areas of study include: accounting, business, business office technology, computer information systems, computer science and technology, engineering science and industrial technology, general studies, health careers, hospitality management and culinary arts, human services, humanities and the liberal arts and sciences.
  • MCC also offers programs of a shorter duration in each of the areas listed above, resulting in the awarding of a certificate. The certificate programs range from 6 to 30 credits, and some may be completed in as little as one year.
  • Through its Continuing Education division, MCC also offers a wide variety of credit-free certificate programs. Examples include Certified Nurse-Aide, Complete Microsoft Office, Emergency Medical Technician, Oracle Database Administrator, Personal Trainer, Pharmacy Technician, Phlebotomist, Precision Machining, Principles and Practices of Real Estate, Veterinary Assistant, and many more.


  • MCC graduates are guaranteed admission to the Connecticut State Universities (CSUs). The transfer compact between MCC and the CSUs provides special opportunities for MCC students to complete an associate degree in a program designed for transfer.
  • Incoming students who have fewer than 16 college credits may enroll in the Guaranteed Admissions Program (GAP), a collaborative program with the community colleges and the University of Connecticut, provided they maintain at least a 3.0 GPA and graduate with an associate degree. The GAP provides MCC students access to more than 60 majors in UConn s College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, or the School of Business.
  • MCC also partners with Eastern Connecticut State University to offer a bachelor of general studies degree completion program in which MCC graduates can continue their studies seamlessly at ECSU.
  • MCC graduates have successfully transferred to over 100 public and private universities, in Connecticut and throughout the country.


  • Annual budget: $53 million.
  • Tuition and fees: $1,799 for full-time, in-state student per semester.

Facilities, Programs, Special Events and Community Activities

  • Library open to the public, SBM Charitable Foundation Auditorium, Follett bookstore, Cougar Cave cafeteria, Tower Caf , Child Development Center, College Career Pathways, career and counseling services, cooperative education, Academic Support Center, Alumni Association, MCC Foundation, transitional programs, intercollegiate athletics for women and men, customized training for businesses, Excursions in Learning youth and family programs, credit-free courses, Organization of Active Adults, Hans Weiss Newspace Gallery, athletic fields, fitness center, Bicentennial Band Shell, MCC on Main, and numerous student organizations.
  • MCC hosts various seminars, workshops, exhibitions and guest speakers each year.

Accreditations and Memberships

Manchester Community College is accredited by the Board of Regents and by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, Inc., which accredits schools and colleges in the six New England states. Accreditation by the Association indicates that the institution has been carefully evaluated and found to meet standards agreed upon by qualified educators.

Seven programs of study offered by Manchester Community College have been awarded national accreditation. The Occupational Therapy Assistant program has been accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education. The Physical Therapist Assistant program has been accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education of the American Physical Therapy Association. The Respiratory Care and Surgical Technology programs have been accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs. The Paralegal program has been approved by the American Bar Association. The Foodservice Management and Culinary Arts programs have been accredited by the American Culinary Federation Educational Institute Accrediting Commission.

The college is a member of the American Association of Community Colleges, the American Council on Education, the Association of American Colleges and Universities, the American College and University President Climate Commitment, The College Board, League for Innovation in the Community College, several chambers of commerce, Campus Compact, the Council for Resource Development, the National Council on Student Development, the National Junior College Athletic Association, the New England College Council and several other organizations.

This catalog of Manchester Community College is provided as a source of information for prospective students and does not constitute a contract. It is prepared in advance of the academic period during which it is to be in effect; therefore, the college reserves the right to make necessary changes in any of the information appearing in the catalog.

Continuing Notice of Nondiscrimination

Manchester Community College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religious creed, age, gender, gender identity or expression, national origin, marital status, ancestry, present or past history of mental disorder, learning disability or physical disability, political belief, veteran status, sexual orientation, genetic information or criminal record. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding the non-discrimination policies: Affirmative Action and Staff Development Coordinator (Title IX and Section 504/ADA Coordinator), Manchester Community College; Great Path; MS#2; Manchester, CT 06040; Lowe Student Services Center L-134c; 860-512-3107.

Manchester Community College is committed to access and equal opportunity. Should you require accommodations in order to participate in any of the programs offered, please contact Services for Students with Disabilities at 860-512-3332. Alternative formats of this material may be provided upon request.

Photo and Videotape Policy

The Manchester Community College Marketing and Public Relations department often takes or commissions photos and videotapes of students, faculty and staff, and campus visitors. These images are taken in classrooms and labs, in the library and other study areas, at college events and elsewhere around campus. MCC reserves the right to use these photographs/video clips as a part of its publicity and marketing efforts. Students who enroll at MCC do so with the understanding that these images might include them and might be used in college publications, both printed and electronic, and for publicity.

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PhD in Clinical Psychology #fordham #university, #rams, #undergraduate, #graduate, #college, #school, #higher #education, #bachelor,


PhD in Clinical Psychology


The program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of the American Psychological Association (APA). Questions related to the program s accreditation status should be directed to the Commission on Accreditation:

Recent Achievements

Dr. Keith Cruise is co-principal investigator for a new grant to improve practices and outcomes for youth in the juvenile justice system at risk of negative after-effects from trauma. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention funded this collaborative effort under the direction of staff at the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice. Center for Trauma Recovery and Juvenile Justice. as well as various state and county level justice departments.

Congratulations to four of our CPDP faculty who have have been awarded six new research grants (5 of which are federally-funded, and 5 multi-year) that total almost $1-million in total direct costs. All of these grants focus on cross-cultural and/or vulnerable, underrepresented minority (URM) populations.

School settings URM youth

Our new research projects add to our CPDP faculty s multi-million dollar research portfolio across numerous faculty. These new projects also bolster our existing strengths in each of our core training areas. As detailed in the last column of the table above, each of the new projects contributes to our training in:

  • Biomedical, Psychosocial, Sociocultural aspects of Clinical Psychology
  • Our rigorous cross-cutting Training Priorities (i.e. Research Methodology, Research Ethics Forensic Issues, Assessment Techniques, and Advanced Analytics)
  • Our four core training settings and the vulnerable populations in these settings (i.e. School, Healthcare, Forensic Mental Health, and Community Engaged Ethics Research; children, adolescents, older adults; and vulnerable and understudied populations such as HIV, refugees, low SES, etc.)

Overview of newly funded research projects

  • Dr. Cruise has two new projects. The first is funded by the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice. This project will implement a new screening tool for juvenile justice community diversion centers. The second project is funded by SAMHSA and provides trauma support for youths who are at risk of, or already involved with the juvenile justice system. Both projects focus on Forensic Mental Health Settings vulnerable, low-income URM youth.
  • Dr. Rivera Mindt has a new project funded by the Alzheimer s Association that examines how genetic (APOE 4) and nongenetic (cerebrovascular, sociocultural) risk factors contribute to cognitive neural abnormalities in aging HIV+ Latinas/os. Trainees will collect and analyze data using novel Research Methodologies (i.e. genetics, neuroimaging, sociocultural), and this project incorporates Biomedical and Sociocultural training within a Healthcare setting with vulnerable, low-income URM older adults.
  • Dr. Rosenfeld received support from a Health Disparities/Equities Research Supplement to his NCI-funded R21 grant and contributes to our Research Ethics Forensic Issues training. This project focuses on health disparities by adding a sample of Latina/o cancer patients to an on-going study to validate a new measure of prognostic understanding. This project occurs in a Healthcare setting and involves research with Latina/o cancer patients.
  • Dr. Yip has a new project funded by the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities and contributes to our Sociocultural training. This project adds a sample of Chinese adolescents to a study of ethnic/racial discrimination, sleep disturbance and health to an on-going study exploring the same associations among Black and Hispanic youth funded by the NSF. This project takes place in public School settings and involves ethnically diverse youth.

Associated Faculty

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