Tag: Central

Curriculum, Supervision, Educational Leadership #central, #washington, #university, #main, #home, #homepage, #ellensburg, #eburg, #primary, #cwu,


Program Overview

The Master of Education, Higher Education program is designed for candidates with an interest in working in administrative positions in institutions of higher education, civic organizations, non-profit organizations, national government organizations, or the social sector. Program coursework provides students with a strong grounding in leadership / management / organizational development with particular attention to the higher education context.

Addressing the growing demand for higher education professionals, the curriculum emphasizes theory, research methods and data analysis, as well as substantive knowledge and skills development in organizational leadership, particularly as it pertains to higher education. Delivered in a convenient online format the M.Ed. Higher Education provides students with a well- rounded foundation in higher education administration, and the ability to personalize the curriculum to meet their needs through elective courses and project / internship experiences.

The M.Ed. Higher Education program is 45 credit hour program that consists of 10 core courses, two electives courses, an Internship or Capstone Project, and Master’s examination. The M.Ed. Higher Education program is offered fully online.

The M.Ed. Higher Education faculty is comprised of professors from multiple fields; several professors currently work in higher education administration and can provide first-hand experience education.

The M.Ed Higher Education Program welcomes graduate candidates interested in working in higher education and similar fields.

In the pursuit of the M.Ed. Higher Education degree, students complete coursework, work on their internship/project, and prepare for graduation.

Take the Next Step to Becoming a Wildcat.

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SunTrust Bank Review – Banks in Richmond, VA – BBB Business Review – BBB

#suntrust business banking


BBB Accreditation

A BBB Accredited Business since

BBB has determined that SunTrust Bank meets BBB accreditation standards. which include a commitment to make a good faith effort to resolve any consumer complaints. BBB Accredited Businesses pay a fee for accreditation review/monitoring and for support of BBB services to the public.

BBB accreditation does not mean that the business’ products or services have been evaluated or endorsed by BBB, or that BBB has made a determination as to the business’ product quality or competency in performing services.

Reason for Rating

Factors that raised the rating for SunTrust Bank include:

  • Length of time business has been operating
  • Complaint volume filed with BBB for business of this size
  • Response to 880 complaint(s) filed against business
  • Resolution of complaint(s) filed against business

Industry Ratings Comparison | Chart

Customer Complaints Summary Read complaint details

880 complaints closed with BBB in last 3 years | 373 closed in last 12 months

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Top Rated Central Air Conditioners 2013 #central #air #conditioners,hvac #articles


Top Rated Central Air Conditioners 2013

These are the best air conditioners for this year. They are efficient and will make your home very comfortable throughout the cooling season. Pair any of these with a variable-speed blower for optimum cooling. Click on the links for the full review of each top rated 2013 central air conditioner.

Modulating Central Air Conditioners

The first of these models use a modulating compressor rather than a single-stage or two-stage compressor. A modulating compressor runs at a capacity between 25% and 100%, usually on fairly low capacity. The purpose is to deliver the precise amount of cooling needed to keep a home’s temperatures perfectly balanced while eliminating hot/cold spots from room to room.

Modulating ACs cost more but offer the most comfortable cooling and better humidity removal too. There are just a few currently on the market, but expect to see more each year. Already 6-8 companies make modulating heat pumps, so more modulating ACs are on the way.

Watch our video on the top rated central acs:

Best Central Air Conditioners for 2013

This is our top rated central air conditioners 2013 list. In choosing one, decide if you want to spend extra to get the performance of a modulating air conditioner. If not, one of the 2-stage models will be more affordable while still making your home quite comfortable.

Whichever model you choose, hire a qualified contractor to install it who has a proven track record of quality. Any AC must be properly installed to run at peak efficiency and as durably as it should. See many of the models below in our HVAC prices reviews. Here are this year’s top central air conditioners.

Maytag M1200 PSA4BI iQ Drive Air Conditioner

This modulating central air conditioner offers impressive 24.5 SEER efficiency. The Maytag M1200 PSA4BI iQ Drive AC heads many lists of the top air conditioner on the market. It’s expensive, but it is efficient and well-built. It should make your home very comfortable and give you up to 20 years of durable service, possibly more when it is well-maintained.

American Standard Platinum ZM Central Air Conditioner

This is a 2-stage AC offering 20 SEER efficiency that will reduce cooling costs considerably when replacing an older model. American Standard has one of the top 3-4 service records in the industry. The American Standard Platinum ZM uses 2 separate compressors to achieve the 2-stage cooling. When both are running, this AC can cool a house quickly, so this is a good choice in very warm climates.

Bryant Evolution 180B Central Air Conditioner

This is another 2-stage central air conditioner that offers 20 SEER cooling. it s well-built and has internal switches and controls to keep it running effectively and durably for many years. The Bryant Evolution 180B is a good choice for very warm climates and those with high humidity levels.

Carrier Infinity 21 24ANB1 Central Air Conditioner

The 2-stage Carrier Infinity 21 24ANB1 AC is Carrier ’s most efficient, with 21 SEER cooling. You’ll see a significant reduction in your energy bills all summer with this AC. Carrier has one of the best service records in the industry. You’ll pay more for a Carrier than for most brands, but you’ll get a long-lasting and very dependable central AC.

Goodman DSXC18 Central Air Conditioner

Goodman is known in the industry as offering very competitive pricing along with good warranties. The Goodman DSXC18 central air conditioner is also very high in quality, something that hasn’t always been true of Goodman products. With a significant upgrade in its parts, Goodman now does very well in head to head comparisons of quality. This central AC is a 2-stage unit that will help keep any home very comfortable.

Lennox Signature XC21 Central Air Conditioner

Lennox is an industry leader in green technology. This air conditioner is a 2-stage model with 21 SEER efficiency, ideal for lowering energy use and utility bills. The Lennox XC21 AC is wired to accept Lennox SunSource solar energy modules, so if you live in a sunny climate, you might consider them. They can generate enough energy to run the entire HVAC system and possibly even an excess that can be used for lighting or other household needs.

Rheem Prestige RASL-JEC Central Air Conditioner

Rheem’s best and most efficient AC is a 19.5 SEER model with 2 stages of cooling. Pair it with a Rheem variable speed furnace and you’ll enjoy balanced temperatures and great humidity control during the cooling season. The Rheem Prestige RASL-JEC central air conditioner is durable and very reliable.

Trane XL20i Central Air Conditioner

Trane leads the industry in reliability. The Trane XL20i central air conditioner uses dual compressors, like the American Standard Platinum ZM, to cool any home very quickly. With a 20 SEER rating. you’ll save money all cooling season.

Amana ASXC18 Central Air Conditioner

Amana gets overlooked too often, but this is a very nice AC. The Amana ASXC18 is an 18 SEER, 2-stage model with the best warranty in the industry. If the compressor ever fails, Amana will replace the entire condensing unit. Amana offers a very good product at very competitive prices too.

Ruud Ultra UASL-JEC Central Air Conditioner

With 18 SEER and 2-stage performance, the Ruud Ultra UASL-JEC holds its own against many of the top ACs on the market. Ruud offers good quality and durability, so this AC should last for up to 20 years, and possibly longer with good maintenance.

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Plumbers Montclair NJ #plumber #new #jersey, #service #professionals, #heating #new #jersey, #drain #cleaning #new


When it comes to residential plumbing in New Jersey, you can rely on Service Professionals for expert repairs and installations, and a standard of service that is second-to-none:

1. Guaranteed Workmanship:

Your plumbing work is backed by a written guarantee.

2. Convenience:

Your repairs and installations done at a time that is convenient for you, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

3. Care And Attention:

You can be sure that you and your home will receive the care and attention you deserve – with clean-cut and polite service with a commitment to keeping your home tidy.

Read more about your Service Level Guarantee here. or read from other delighted customers in your area here .


1. In Your Kitchen

From unblocking garbage disposals, to fixing leaks and appliance hook-ups, Service Professionals can help with on-time and courteous service.

2. In Your Bathroom

We can help you repair, unblock and fit sinks, faucets, toilets, baths and showers – all backed by a written guarantee. For the latest in water heater technology where the hot water never runs out in the shower, read more about our instant hot water solutions here.

3. Leak Detection

If your home has a plumbing or drain leak it can cause considerable structural damage over the long term. So if you need leak detection or are considering buying a property and want to check for potential problems that are not checked for with most pre-purchase home inspections, call Service Professionals today.

4. Hot Water

5. Drain Clearing And Repair

6. Repiping

7. All Other New Jersey Plumbing Repairs

From sump pumps to backflow prevention – you name it, Service Professionals can handle it with professional workmanship and respect for your home and your time.

For all your residential plumbing repairs and installations, with a service standard that is second-to-none, speak with Service Professionals today at 877-759-4897.

If you are looking for a plumber for your home, you will be pleased you chose the plumbers from Service Professionals. We are able to help with all of your home’s plumbing needs including faucets, garbage disposals, bath tubs, water lines, clogged toilets, sump pumps, sewer and drain lines and even shower repair. Areas serviced include when you are looking for a plumber in Scotch Plains, Westfield NJ plumbers, Cranford plumbing, Maplewood water heaters, Millburn plumbers, Short Hills, Watchung plumber, Warren, Green Brook plumbing, Bridgewater, Bernardsville plumbers in Basking Ridge. So if you need a plumber in an emergency or at any time 24 hours a day for your convenience, consider Service Professionals.


For all your plumbing needs in Central and Northern New Jersey call and speak with Service Professionals, including when you need Alpine NJ plumbing Avenel Basking Ridge plumber. Bedminster Belleville plumbing Bergen plumber Bergenfield Berkeley Heights Bernardsville Bloomfield water heater. Bogota AFUE plumber Bridgewater plumber Caldwell NJ plumbing Carlstadt. Carteret Cedar Grove plumbing contractors Cedar Knolls leak locating Chatham Chester. Clark plumber Clifton plumbing Colonia Cranford plumbers Dayton NJ fix faucet. Dunellen NJ plumber East Brunswick drain cleaning East Hanover blocked toilet East Rutherford install shower. Edison sewer repairs Elmwood Park clogged drain Englewood NJ plumber Essex Fells. Fair Lawn plumbing Fanwood NJ tankless hot water Far Hills plumber Florham Park. Fords save on plumbing Fort Lee NJ plumber Franklin Park Garfield leaky faucet Garwood unclog sink Gillette garbage disposal Gladstone Glen Ridge sump pumps Green Brook plumbing Hackensack water softeners. Hanover NJ plumber Hasbrouck Heights copper repipe Hawthorne recommended contractors Highland Park water heater installation. Hillside NJ plumber Ho-Ho-Kus plumbing Iselin collapsed sewer Jamesburg Kenilworth plumber Koreatown. Leonia NJ plumbing Liberty Corner plumber Linden Little Falls plumbing Little Ferry, Livingston Leaking Pipe Lyndhurst fast plumbers Madison frozen pipes Maplewood install sink Martinsville fix plumbing Maywood plumber Mendham NJ. Metuchen plumbing Middlesex plumbers Millburn water heaters Millington. Milltown plumber Monmouth sewer cleaning Montclair plumber Moonachie plumbing Morris Plains NJ. Morristown plumbers Mountainside plumber Neshanic Station. New Brunswick plumbing New Milford New Providence New Vernon plumbers North Arlington. North Branch plumber North Brunswick plumbing North Caldwell plumbers North Plainfield. Nutley plumber Old Bridge plumbing Oradell repair leaking pipes Palisades Park water pressure Paramus hot water Parlin plumbing contractors Passaic plumbing Peapack. Perth Amboy plumber Piscataway plumbing Pluckemin. Rahway plumber Raritan plumbing Ridgefield water heaters Ridgefield Park. Ridgewood River Edge Rochelle Park plumbing contractors Rocky Hill water lines Roseland Roselle NJ plumbers Roselle Park. Rutherford Saddle Brook plumbing Saddle River Sayreville Scotch Plains plumbers Secaucus water heater Sewaren. Short Hills Skillman Somerset South Amboy plumbing South Bound Brook. South Orange unclog toilet South Plainfield. South River Springfield Sterling Teaneck plumbers Tenafly plumber Teterboro NJ Upper Montclair Vauxhall. Verona Wallington Warren plumbing Watchung plumbers West Orange Westfield Whippany water heaters Winfield Park Wood Ridge Woodbridge. For all your plumbing needs in NJ call Service Professionals.

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3 Things That Will Dictate The Price Of Your New Central Air Conditioner #installing


3 Things That Will Dictate The Price Of Your New Central Air Conditioner

If you’re shopping for a new air conditioner, then you may be wondering why nearly every company you call acts like the price of a central air conditioning unit is a matter of national security. There are basically 2 reasons air conditioning companies won’t give you even general information about prices of ac units over the phone.

Reason #1 They want you to meet with a salesman who has been trained to base the price he offers you on how informed you are on the cost to install a new central air conditioning unit.

Reason #2 The answer to exactly how much your new air conditioner will cost is… It depends.

In my experience, Reason #1 is why most people find the process of buying a new air conditioner so frustrating, and Reason #2 is really just an excuse to justify Reason #1.

Truthfully, there’s no reason air conditioning companies can’t discuss ballpark ranges for prices on central air conditioning units with customers. as long as they make it clear what things are included in the basic price of installation, and what types of things would be an additional cost.

This blog post will give you an overview of the 3 variables that will dictate the cost of your new air conditioner, and roughly how much each one affects the price of the air conditioning unit you choose to install.

Top 3 Factors That Dictate The Price Of A New Air Conditioning Unit

  1. Efficiency (SEER rating)
  2. Single-Stage vs. 2-Stage Cooling
  3. Size

#1 EFFICIENCY (also referred to as SEER rating)

The energy efficiency of a new air conditioner is referred to in different terms than the efficiency of a new furnace. While furnace efficiency is expressed in terms of a percentage, 80% efficient for example, the efficiency of a new AC unit is expressed using the less straightforward measurement known as the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio, or SEER rating. (I know technical acronyms annoy me too!)

The SEER ratings for air conditioning units start at 13 and go all the way up into the 20’s. Typically, the most popular models are rated between 13-17 SEER since most people choose to install single-stage air conditioners.

Cost Implications of an AC Unit’s Efficiency:

A 16 SEER air conditioner will usually cost between $1,200-$1,300 more than a 13 SEER unit (before accounting for any potential Xcel Energy rebates). If you choose an air conditioner that has a SEER rating higher than 16, you’ll most likely get a unit that offers 2-stage cooling as well. You can expect to pay between $1,200 – $1,400 more for a 17 SEER AC unit that offers 2-stage cooling than you would for a 16 SEER model that is single-stage.


A single-stage air conditioner is like flipping on a light switch, it’s either on or off. When it turns on it’s all the way on at 100% of its capacity. A 2-stage air conditioner starts up at about 2/3 of its full capacity, and will only ramp up to 100% when it’s hot enough outside that it requires 100% of the unit’s cooling capacity to keep your home comfortable. (For more on the difference between single-stage and 2-stage cooling, check out the 2015 New Air Conditioner Cost Guide)

Cost Implications of 2-Stage AC Units:

If you’re already considering an ultra high efficiency air conditioner like a 16 SEER model, you can expect to pay between $1,200 – $1,400 more to install a 2-stage air conditioner that would come with a 17 SEER efficiency rating.


When we talk about the size of an air conditioner, we refer to how many tons the unit is. And no, it does not mean that if you need a 3-ton air conditioner that the unit will weigh 6,000 pounds. It refers to how much cooling capacity the unit provides. I won’t delve into how to know what size air conditioner you need in this blog post since it’s covered in greater depth in the Air Conditioning 101 section of our website. But central air conditioning units come in 1/2 ton increments ranging from 1-ton all the way up to 5-tons.

Special Note: I’ve met with customers who have worked themselves up into a giant ball of stress because they’ve gotten quotes from 2 or 3 companies, and each company told them they needed a different size air conditioning unit.

The size of the unit you need should not be your concern. Sizing the unit properly is the job of the company you choose to install your new air conditioner. If you are having a new furnace installed at the same time, you should ask for a written guarantee that states the new air conditioner will cool your house to at least 70 degrees when the temperature is 95 degrees outside. Any company that won’t guarantee the cooling performance of your new AC unit when they are installing a new furnace for you at the same time should be crossed off your list.

To give you some perspective, a small condo that is less than 1,000 s.f. might need a 1.5-ton AC unit, while a 4,000 s.f. home is likely to have a 5-ton AC unit.

Cost Implications of an AC Unit’s Size:

As a general rule, the bigger your home the bigger your air conditioner will be. The bigger your air conditioner is, the more it will cost. Typically a 13 SEER air conditioner that is 3-tons in size might cost between $300 – $500 more than a 2-ton unit. As you go up in size the difference in cost gets bigger. On average a 13 SEER air conditioner that is 5-tons in size will cost between $400 – $600 more than a 4-ton unit.

Hopefully this will help give you a basic understanding of the industry jargon you’ll run into when shopping for a new air conditioner, and how these 3 variables will impact the cost to install a new central air conditioning unit in your home. If you’d like more in-depth information on how to choose the right air conditioner for your home, check out the Air Conditioning 101 section of our website or download the 2015 Central Air Conditioning Buyer’s Guide .

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SunTrust Bank Review – Banks in Richmond, VA – BBB Business Review – BBB

#suntrust business banking


BBB Accreditation

A BBB Accredited Business since

BBB has determined that SunTrust Bank meets BBB accreditation standards. which include a commitment to make a good faith effort to resolve any consumer complaints. BBB Accredited Businesses pay a fee for accreditation review/monitoring and for support of BBB services to the public.

BBB accreditation does not mean that the business’ products or services have been evaluated or endorsed by BBB, or that BBB has made a determination as to the business’ product quality or competency in performing services.

Reason for Rating

Factors that raised the rating for SunTrust Bank include:

  • Length of time business has been operating
  • Complaint volume filed with BBB for business of this size
  • Response to 880 complaint(s) filed against business
  • Resolution of complaint(s) filed against business

Industry Ratings Comparison | Chart

Customer Complaints Summary Read complaint details

880 complaints closed with BBB in last 3 years | 373 closed in last 12 months

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Austin, Texas Residential Locksmith (512) 929-5397 #locksmith #central


Professional Residential Locksmith Services in Austin, TX

Known as the Live Music Capital of the World. Austin is a funky city with a passion for music of every genre. Take a stroll down 6th street any night of the week and you’ll hear an eclectic blend of hard rock rhythms, soulful guitar riffs, and pulsing beats emanating from the entertainment venues lining the street. Twice a year, music lovers descend upon Austin for the annual South by Southwest festival and the Austin City Limits Music Festival .

Austin is about more than just music. The capital of Texas, home to major tech companies like Dell. Apple. and Google. and the headquarters of Mr. Rekey, we are proud to call this unique city home. From Town Lake and Zilker Park to the eclectic shops on South Congress Avenue. we love it all.

Austin Locksmith Service Offerings

Our Austin area locksmith technicians provide the following services:

  • Residential Lock-outs
  • Master Key System
  • New Lock Installation
  • Garage Door Locks Remotes
  • Sliding Patio Door Window Locks
  • Electronic Keypad Installation
  • Mailbox, File Cabinet Desk Locks
  • Rekeying Existing Keyholes

The Austin Residential Rekey Special $99.99

The Rekey Special®. our most popular locksmith service, is available at the all-inclusive rate of $99.99 in the Austin metro area and comes with:

  • Locksmith service call to the property, with proper identification
  • Up to 6 locks rekeyed
  • 4 new key copies
  • New kick-in-resistant screws in all deadbolt locks
  • No hidden fees. No surprises.

Super impressed with technicians Mike and Ernie! They were prompt, courteous and professional. They called thirty minutes before arriving and arrived right on time. We just arrived in the area and leased a brand new home. Leasing agent arranged for Mr. Rekey to come out and remove lock box, re key doors, etc. When this team showed up, I still had no electric. They were not any any way deterred by this fact as they informed me, they were prepared for this type of situation. They promptly got going and re-keyed the house, checked all windows and locks. They checked that the garage door worked properly (electric providers arrived soon after) and checked all smoke detectors. By doing so, they discovered that the builder had failed to install one smoke detector and that one was not functioning. They installed the missing smoke detector and replaced the non functioning one. Finally, Mike cleaned out the front door peep hole and installed one that apparently was missing in the garage door! I had no idea that garage doors must now have a peep hole as they are an exit door. Then when finished, Mike and Ernie pulled out their mini vac and cleaned up! See what I mean? Ernie and Mike were not only thorough, they just did a great job! I think they deserve super hero Rekey capes! What a great first impression this team made on me and if this is the kind of service we can expect from local businesses, we are glad for the move!

Great company. They do superior work at set prices and always have a professional demeanor. If you want good work done, these are the guys to call hands down. Five stars all the way! Ask them for their Rekey special and get a good price.

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Central Management Systems #central #management #system


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Central Management Systems

Central Management Systems (CMS), also known as telemanagement, are the next step in remote dynamic street lighting control. Using a CMS, the operator can choose exactly when to switch each individual street light on or off and/or by how much to reduce the lamp power. This allows any number of switching events and/or dimming levels. The CMS also provides other benefits such as fault detection.

The following factsheets provide an overview of CMS and the Settlement requirements:

An Equivalent Meter is the hardware and software that is used to calculate Half-Hourly electricity consumption values associated with Unmetered Apparatus. The specification for an Equivalent Meter is contained within BSCP520 Unmetered Supplies Registered in SMRS .

Equivalent Meters are operated by Meter Administrators. There are of two types of Equivalent Meter:

  • Passive Meters – allocate the Unmetered consumption across the Half-Hourly periods by a mathematical relationship of annual burning hours to the daily time of sunrise and sunset; and
  • Dynamic Meters – allocate the Unmetered consumption across the Half-Hourly periods by reference to the operation of a number of photoelectric cells (PECU Arrays) or by using actual switching times reported by a Central Management System (CMS). Where the switching times are reported by CMS, the Equivalent Meter can be defined to be two distinct parts: the CMS (i.e. the system that is used to report switching times) and the Meter Administrator (MA) System (i.e. the system that is used to calculate the consumption). The definition of the file that is used to transfer data from the CMS System to the MA System is contained in BSCP520.

An applicant wishing to gain approval for an Equivalent Meter must demonstrate and provide test evidence to the accredited test agent of compliance with the requirements and responsibilities as per BSCP520. The following Test Specification covers the required Meter Administrator System tests. Where Equivalent Meter software is developed by a Software Developer not associated with an existing MA the testing will solely focus on the software requirement within this document.

Download the test specification:

Approved Meter Administrators

Last updated: 3 April 2013

CMS Capable Equivalent Meters

CMS forms part of the Meter Administrator’s Equivalent Meter. Where the switching times are reported by a CMS, the Equivalent Meter can be defined as two distinct parts: the CMS (i.e. the system that reports switching times and/or power levels) and the Meter Administrator (MA) System (i.e. the system used to calculate the consumption). An Equivalent Meter that can facilitate CMS is called a CMS Capable Equivalent Meter.

An interested party must apply to ELEXON to gain approval for an Equivalent Meter, either for a new CMS or a new CMS Capable Equivalent Meter.

We will provide applicants with a test specification and will agree a test schedule and give expected timescales for the approval process. The testing will be carried out by an ELEXON-appointed Equivalent Meter Test Agent (currently ELEXON). This will be agreed between ELEXON and the applicant.

Download the test specification:

Once testing of the system(s) is complete, results will be presented to the Unmetered Supplies User Group (UMSUG) for recommendation for approval. The application will then be presented to the Supplier Volume Allocation Group (SVG) for approval.

For a new CMS Capable Equivalent Meter, ELEXON will be required to test the complete system (i.e. MA system and CMS). However, in the case where the CMS and / or the MA system is tested and approved with another CMS / MA system, this will be taken into account in the testing (which may lead to a reduction in testing / no testing required by ELEXON). All new Equivalent Meters must be presented to the SVG for approval, even in the case where the CMS and MA System that they comprise have been approved with other CMS / MA Systems.

Listed below are the currently-approved Meter Administrators and the Equivalent Meter Type they are approved to operate. For ease of reference, they are divided into approved Equivalent Meters that include CMS (CMS Capable) and those that do not include CMS (Non-CMS Capable).

Measured Central Management System

A Measured Central Management System is a measured CMS which utilises measured feedback. Approval of measured CMS is covered by the test specification below. This test specification does not cover lighting Apparatus covered by the Central Management System Equivalent Meter Test Specification. It is intended for other technologies, as determined by accredited test agent, that it would not be appropriate to test using the existing CMS Equivalent Meter Test Specification.

The approved CMS must be used in conjunction with an approved Equivalent Meter (EM).

Download the test specification:

Approved Measured CMS Systems

Approved CMS System

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7th Pay Commission – Details, Benefits on Pay scale, Expected Hike #seventh #pay #commission


Latest Updates. The Union Cabinet has approved the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission on 29 June, 2016. As many as 47 lakh central government employees and 52 lakh pensioners stand to benefit from the implementation of Seventh Pay Commission recommendations and they are expected to get their revised salaries from August, 2016 onwards

All CentralGovernment employees, including defence personnel keenly await the Seventh Pay Commission. Since Independence, India has had seven Pay Commissions put up to review the existing costs, inflation and other impact costs and make suitable revisions to the salary structure of central government employees.

The Seventh Pay Commission

On 24 February 2014, the Government of India issued a Gazette notification announcing the formation of the Seventh Central Pay Commission with Justice A.K.Mathur as the Chairman, Vivek Rae – Member (full time), Dr. Rathin Roy – Member (part time), and Meena Agarwal – Secretary. The Seventh Pay Commission had to submit its recommendations within 18 months (expected by August 2015) and the same is to be implemented from 1 January 2016.

The ‘Terms of Reference’ was to examine, review, evolve and recommend changes regarding the emoluments structure comprising pay, allowances, facilities and benefits – in cash or kind. The Commission has been asked to examine the existing scheme of bonus and its bearing on productivity and performance, examine the incentive scheme to reward performance, productivity and integrity, and examine the pension scheme along with other retirement benefits that will impact:

  • Central Government employees – industrial and non-industrial
  • Personnel belonging to All India Services
  • Personnel of the Union Territories
  • Officers and employees of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department
  • Members of regulatory bodies (excluding RBI) set up under Acts of Parliament
  • Officers and employees of the Supreme Court
  • All employees of Defence Forces

Also Visit – Key Highlights of 7th Pay Commission Report: Salary to go up by 23.55%; allowances by 63%; pension up by 24%

The Commission is mandated to make recommendations based on current:

  • Pay structure, associated benefits and existing retirement benefits.
  • Economic conditions prevailing in the country and fiscal prudence.
  • Adequacy of resources to meet various welfare measures and developmental expenditures.
  • Impact on State Government finances as most states adopt recommendations made by the Commission with some revisions as per their priority.
  • Best global practices and adopt the same.

Pay Commissions Over the Years

Stakeholders have been debating the level of salary increase expected prior to each Pay Commission recommendations.

The First Pay Commission chaired by Srinivasa Varadachariar, was formed in January 1946 and submitted its recommendations in May 1947 to the then interim government.

The Second Pay Commission in August 1957 and submitted its report in 1959. The Pay Commission was headed by Jagannath Das and its central theme was to ensure smooth government functioning by recruiting persons with minimum qualifications, to give more people an opportunity to join government services.

The Third Pay Commission. headed by Raghubir Dayal, was established in April 1970 and submitted its report in March 1973. Coming in the wake of an expensive war with Pakistan, the Pay Commission made its mark by adopting a different approach from the first two commissions, which focussed on pay being kept at minimum subsistence levels. The commission, for the first time, referred to the need of ensuring that the pay structure incorporated concepts of adequacy, comprehensiveness and inclusiveness to ensure a fair compensation. This approach cost the government Rs 1.44 billion, which was a significant escalation in cost at the time.

The Fourth Pay Commission chaired by PN Singhal was set up in June 1983 and submitted its recommendations in three phases, over a four-year period.

The Fifth Pay Commission chaired by Justice S. Ratnavel Pandian was set up in 1994. This Commission left its mark as its recommendations had a major impact on not just central, but for the first time, on state governments. Its recommendations resulted in an increase in central government expenditure, including salaries, pensions and other related costs by 99%, and state governments’ by 74%. The dramatic increase in expenditure created a major controversy with 13 states failing to fulfill their salary obligations and seeking central assistance.

Amongst other radical recommendations was to reduce the central government staff levels by 30%. The Commission furthered suggested that the government should not fill the 3,50,000 job vacancies. Even the World Bank expressed surprise over the cost escalation and radical level of reforms suggested. The government, however, did not accept any of the recommendations made.

The Sixth Pay Commission chaired by Justice BN Srikrishna was appointed on 5 October 2006 and submitted its recommendations on 24 March 2008. The Commission made the following recommendations:

  • Special pay scales for Secretary to Government of India posts and Cabinet Secretary.
  • Introduction of four distinct running pay bands, with one running band each for Group ‘B’ and ‘C’ employees, and two running bands for Group ‘A’ posts.
  • Total number of grades running across four distinct pay bands be reduced to 20 from the earlier 35.
  • Defence Forces be allowed running pay bands and grade pay on par with civilians.
  • Introduction of Performance Related Incentive Scheme (PRIS).
  • Pension to be paid at 50% of average emoluments or the last pay drawn.

Controversies Regarding Seventh Pay Commission

Inter-service rivalries extend to salaries and benefits received by certain services. There is widespread resentment against the IAS officers, who are seen to be favoured by most pay commissions. The Indian Revenue Service has raised objections to an IAS Officer being included as part of the Seventh Pay Commission since there is no representation from their side. The IRS lobby believes that they have a right to be on par with the IAS since the revenue for the government is collected by them.

Same stands true for the Defence Forces. For many years, the senior most positions in all three forces have been downgraded progressively, in terms of promotions, salaries and benefits, while the IAS lobby has progressively increased its stature, promotions, emoluments and benefits, as compared to what senior Defence Officers received.

Furthermore, the Defence Forces have a long standing demand (and rightly so) for a representation from the Services on the Pay Commission, especially since the role, responsibilities and risks of work are unique to the forces and thus require a qualified representative who understands the nature of work and can thus make suitable recommendations on the basis of that. This demand has been strongly resisted by the IAS lobby all these years.

It remains to be seen how the present government deals with demands of its employees from different arms when setting up the Eighth Pay Commission subsequently.

Macquarie India: Seventh Pay Commission may be implemented from Mid-2016

Macquarie India has said that the seventh pay commission is likely to be implemented from mid 2016. Rakesh Arora, Managing Director and Head of Research of Macquarie India said that it is still uncertain that the new pay commission will be implemented in next six months as the 6 th pay commission took 2.5 years to be implemented.

Report on Seventh Pay Commission to be submitted on 19 November

As per sources, the recommendations of the 7 th Pay Commission are likely to be submitted to the Finance Minister on 19 November 2015. It is also believed that the new Pay Commission is likely to hike salaries of the central government employees and pensioners by only 15%, which is much lower than the 35% hike implemented in the 6 th Pay Commission in 2008. The 7 th Pay Commission came into effect from 1 January 2016.

Seventh Pay Commission Likely to Increase Salries by 40%

As per an analyst from Credit Suisse, the seventh pay commission is likely to raise the salaries of the government employees for about 40%. He also said that as one –third of the middle class are employed in government job, the hike will boost “discretionary spending”. He also added that the hike will boost the real estate market especially in Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities.

Rs. 70,000 crore provisioned for Seventh Pay Commission in 2016 Budget

A top finance ministry official confirmed the allotment of Rs. 70,000 crore for Seventh Pay Commission in the Union Budget 2016-17. The sum would be used for implementation of Seventh Pay Commission for all government employees. It is estimated that the implementation of pay commission report would cost the government, a sum of Rs. 1.02 lakh crore.

For further information on 7th pay commission, please log onto official website. http://7cpc.india.gov.in/

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Furnace Repair Hamilton, Whitby, London and Emergency Heating Service #air #cleaner #mississauga, #home #heating


Heating Air Conditioning Repair Emergency Services

Ultra Comfort brings comfort to our customer’s home by providing them with high quality heating and cooling products and services.
Our core offerings include: Furnace Repair, Emergency Furnace Repair, Gas Fireplaces, Furnaces, Air Conditioning, Humidifiers, Air Cleaners, HRVs, Tankless Instant Water Heaters, Boilers, Water Heaters, Ductless ACs, Solar systems, equipment repairs and services.
Our Mission is one of continuous improvement in our methods and response to our customer needs through a cooperative effort stressing QUALITY, SERVICE, and INTEGRITY.
Our teams possess technical excellence and a great understanding of the needs of our clients and their homes. Ultra Comfort technicians are NATE and TSSA certified.
We provide residential and commercial heating and cooling systems. Our service warranties are guaranteed for one full year.

Modulating high furnace Is like highway driving, making slight operating adjustments while achieving maximum efficiency.
This new condensing furnace with a modulating gas valve operates with more finesse to reduce temperature fluctuations, providing consistent indoor temperature, quiet operation, and an annual fuel utilization efficiency (AFUE) of 98.2%.

Central Air conditioners: The efficiency of air conditioners is often rated by the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER). The higher the SEER rating of a unit, the more energy efficient it is.
Air conditioners with 14.5 seer rating and higher are eligible to receive government rebates.

Tankless Water Heaters heat water only when you need it. So you save money and reduce waste by not heating and reheating the same tank of water. Tankless water heaters are placed in-line like a conventional tank-style heater. However, it does not continuously heat a tank of water that is waiting to be used. When opening a hot water tap, or starting the dishwasher, the Rinnai tankless water heater recognizes the need for hot water and starts the heating process.

Humidifiers: Maintain your home’s most comfortable humidity level automatically with a Whole-house Humidifier. Proper humidity provides a more comfortable living environment at a lower temperature, so you can turn down your thermostat for energy savings.

Air Cleaners and purifiers have a drastic effect in the air quality of your home. In order to keep your house both warm during winter, and cold during summer, sealants make your house air-tight.

Full service Duct Cleaning encompasses the entire forced-air system, from each register and return down the duct lines to and including all main duct lines in the ceiling of the basement. Finally, the air handling side of the furnace is cleaned to remove any loose dirt and debris from around the air conditioning coils, exterior of heat exchanger, blower compartment and the plenum.

Heat recovery ventilator (HRV) can help make mechanical ventilation more cost effective by reclaiming energy from exhaust airflows. HRVs use heat exchangers to heat or cool incoming fresh air, recapturing 60 to 80 percent of the conditioned temperatures that would otherwise be lost.

Fireplaces are either direct vent or inserts.
Direct vent fireplaces are designed to be vented directly out the outside wall.
Inset fireplaces are designed to be inserted into an existing wood burning fireplace. A chimney liner is required to be installed with an insert fireplace.

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