Tag: become

How to become a Business Analyst #stock #market #news


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How to become a Business Analyst

Business Analysts: Making the world a better place, one office at a time…

Business Analysts (known as BAs) are responsible for analysing a business’s processes and investigating how they work. They then identify improvements that can be made and present the case for these improvements back to the business.

Although specific responsibilities vary greatly from specialism to specialism, the role of a Business Analyst will generally include the following:

  • Analysing the business (either one element or the business as a whole)
  • Evaluating all available data
  • Identifying any problems that need addressing or potential improvements
  • Projecting how feasible these improvements are to make
  • Using all of the acquired information to present a business case back to the company which details the solutions
  • Implementing the necessary and agreed-to changes, overall increasing efficiency for the business

To be successful as a Business Analyst, excellent analytical skills are an obvious pre-requisite. You will need to be objective when evaluating elements within the business, combining your observations with an acute awareness of any developments within the marketplace in order to present any outcome.

You will be spending most of your time researching processes and extrapolating data, so self-motivation and the ability to work independently are also necessities.

Other key skills include:

    • Exceptional problem solving skills
    • Superior communication skills, not to mention the ability to be objective
    • Reporting and presentation skills
    • Computer literacy, not to mention proficiency in Microsoft Office (in particular Microsoft Excel)
    • The passion and confidence to justify your suggestions and back them up with solid research and analysis

Being a BA gives me the opportunity to put my analytical and problem solving skills to good use, as well as witness my recommendations being put into practice on a daily basis. It’s not all numbers and analysis, as it often requires collaboration, which is ideal as I love to bounce ideas off the people I work with.

Get qualified

It is not a necessary requirement to have a degree to become a Project Manager. However, it is recommended to have some qualifications specific to the industry.

This course is for anyone who has an interest in Business Analysis, either to become a BA or to further their current career or qualifications. Ideal for entry level candidates.

Learn everything you need to know to become a Certified Business Analysis Professional with this reputable and well-recognised qualification, suited to individuals looking to further their ability within business analysis.


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How to Become a Registered Nurse in the Military #how #to #become #rn


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How to Become a Registered Nurse in the Military

Updated February 04, 2017

What Is a Registered Nurse?

On the face of it, this seems like a silly question, but to this day nursing is still plagued by countless myths and misconceptions.

In the 20th century, nurse evolved from a subordinate position as the doctor s handmaiden into a highly educated, largely autonomous profession. Registered nurses (RNs) provide day-to-day patient care based on a holistic model that concerns itself not only with medical procedures and drug administration, but also daily hygiene, mobility, and psychological and spiritual care.

Although still reliant on doctors and other primary care providers to order prescriptions and certain treatments, registered nurses have become collaborative professionals rather than subordinates, with an arsenal of independent actions to help repair, maintain, and promote patients health.

Specifically, a registered nurse is distinguished from others, such as licensed practical nurses and certified nursing assistants. by education level, treatment privileges, and independence. Only a registered nurse may assess and treat wounds, review diagnostic tests, and give medications ordered by a physician. On the other hand, some nurses who pursue advanced nursing practice degrees earn even greater autonomy. Nurse Practitioners. for example, are able to practice much the same way as doctors: they may run a practice, form medical diagnoses, and prescribe medications.

How Do Civilians Become RNs?

State nursing boards specifiy educational and licensing requirements, but in general RNs must graduate from a board-approved associate or bachelor s degree program before sitting for the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN).

Many schools also offer fast-track programs for RNs with an associate degree to earn their bachelor s, as well as for graduates of other non-nursing bachelor s programs to earn a second bachelor s degree, or even a master s, as nurses. There are other, less common pathways as well, such as hospital-affiliated diploma programs (nearly extinct) and doctoral entry programs.

Military Requirements and Training

All military RNs are commissioned officers. so unfortunately, RNs with an associate degree are disqualified. Any civilian who s earned a bachelor s degree in nursing and received an RN license in their state can apply for a direct commission. RNs, doctors, lawyers, and other licensed professionals in this pipeline receive a somewhat abridged version of officer candidate training in order to orient them to the military culture and their role in it as officers.

There are also programs that help civilians offset the cost of nursing education in exchange for serving once they graduate. The Navy, for example, offers a full tuition ride (unless you can find a school that charges over $180,000) to high school students going into a nursing program, or up to $34,000 to current student nurses through their Nurse Candidate Program. The Air Force also has a scholarship program for health professionals and each branch may offer college loan repayment incentives.

Scholarship programs are generally only for civilians aiming for a military career as RNs, but what about those already serving in the military? As with other college degrees, those who serve can receive tuition assistance or use their GI Bill benefits to pay for off-duty courses in an accredited nursing program.

Completing a bachelor degree while serving as a full-time enlistee is no breeze, but depending on your level of experience in an enlisted healthcare specialty and the number of credits your college is willing to grant for military experience, you may be able to make your journey that much easier.

Education in the Army and Navy

The American Council on Education (ACE) recommends college credits for experience and training in the military (except the Air Force, for some reason.) With a transcript issued by your branch of service, you may be able to knock out some of the common prerequisites for a nursing program, such as general education requirements and anatomy/physiology. But bear in mind the ACE has no authority to actually award credits. It s still up to each individual college how much transfer credit you ll receive for your military experience.

The examples below are based on recommendations on the ACE website, and may vary with level of education and experience:

  • Army Health Care Specialists (MOS 68W), depending on level of experience, might receive three semester hours each for anatomy and physiology, nursing fundamentals, and emergency medical procedures, and 10 for clinical experience.
  • Navy Corpsmen who ve reached at least E-4 may be eligible for three semester hours of nursing fundamentals, physical assessment, and health information management. Higher ratings get even more recommended credits, such as pharmacology and medical-surgical nursing.

Education in the Air Force

Airmen enlisted in the Physical Medicine or Aerospace Medical fields may be eligible for credits for their training and experience awarded by the Community College of the Air Force (CCAF). By combining that with resident and distance-learning courses, airmen can earn an associate degree in the CCAF Allied Health Sciences Program. While not a nursing-specific degree, this may help fulfill some of the requirements to earn a BS in nursing, since it includes a variety of liberal arts credits and electives in biology, chemistry, psychology and pharmacology.

Certifications

According to Navy s Credentialing Opportunities On Line (COOL), Corpsmen may be eligible to receive Navy funding to pay for the NCLEX-RN exam. Remember, though, that to receive an RN license through this exam, you ll still need to earn your bachelor s degree in nursing through appropriate off-duty education.

Unlike the Navy, the Army COOL site doesn t indicate any funding available for medics to take the NCLEX-RN, but there are a number of certifications at less advanced levels of medical care and nursing that may be paid for using the GI Bill. While pursuing a nursing education, it obviously couldn t hurt to get licenses in some of these specialties -– Emergency Medical Technician, Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse, or Certified Nurse Technician -– which can provide you with additional experience, earning power, and a vocational safety net should you choose to leave the service and complete your nursing education as a civilian.


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Nurse Job Description – How to Become a Nurse #how #to #become #a #nurse

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Nurse Job Description

  • 60 percent of registered nurses work in hospitals.
  • There are more than 2.6 million nurses in the United States.
  • On average, registered nurses make $62,000 a year.

What do nurses do?

It ain’t just fluffing pillows and waiting on doctor’s orders. Jobs in nursing demand a lot of the same things as physician jobs do – and then some.

Nursing jobs require not only treating patients who are sick and injured, but also offering advice and emotional support to patients and their families, taking care of paperwork (lots and lots of paperwork), helping doctors diagnose patients and providing advice and follow-up care.

That’s right, there’s a lot more to nursing than meets the eye. It’s one of the hardest and most emotionally draining jobs out there, but it can be incredibly rewarding. There aren’t many jobs out there were you can actually save someone’s life, but this is one of them. Got a weak stomach? Then consider a different career, my friend. Working as a nurse means having to deal with terribly sick people – and that often involves various bodily fluids (yuck).

How much do nurses make?

Registered nurses who work at hospitals make $63,000 a year, on average. Those who choose to work at nursing homes or with a home healthcare service make around $58,000. That’s pretty good money, right? We hate to be cheesy, but the real reward is the feeling you’ll get by helping those who need you.

Education requirements

If you want to be a nurse, you’ve got a good bit of education in your future. Seriously, do you want someone doing a tracheal intubation on you if they don’t know what they’re doing?

The two most common ways to become a registered nurse are to get a bachelor of science degree in nursing (BSN) or an associate’s degree in nursing (ADN). A BSN takes about four years to complete at a college or university. An ADN program at a community or junior college takes about two to three years. After finishing one of these programs you’ll also have to pass an exam given by your local licensing board.

Career paths for nurses

Most nurses start out as staff nurses at a hospital. Once you master the art of reading a doctor’s handwriting you could move on to a better shift or a shift management role. After that, nurses can advance to assistant unit manager or head nurse. Get an advanced degree and you could find yourself as an assistant director, director, vice president, or chief of nursing.

The future of nurse jobs

According to the BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), job opportunities for nurses are growing at a better than average pace. Job prospects will be the best for nurses who choose to work in doctors’ offices. They also project that there will be solid opportunities available in nursing and assisted living homes, especially as the baby boomers age.

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How to Become a Social Worker #what #degrees #do #you #need #to #become #a

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How to Become a Social Worker: Education and Career Roadmap

Should I Become a Social Worker?

People interested in helping others work through difficult life situations may want to consider a career in social work. Social workers provide direct services or clinical counseling to help clients assess and change harmful or unhealthy situations. They work in a variety of settings including nursing homes, hospitals, private practices, schools, and community mental health clinics. Caseloads may be heavy, causing stress and long work hours for many social workers. However, social workers can rest assured knowing their services are having tangible benefits for their clients.

In addition, a Masters in Social Work (MSW) is a very versatile degree which can be used as a stepping stool for other career tracks including public health and policy. Most entry-level positions require a Bachelor of Social Work (BSW). An MSW is necessary for other positions, including that of clinical social worker. All states have associated licensure or certification requirements. The following table describes some of the typical qualifications necessary for this career.

Find schools that offer these popular programs

  • Adult Development and Aging
  • Child Care Management
  • Child Care Services
  • Child Development
  • Community Organization and Advocacy
  • Family and Community Services
  • Family Systems
  • Human Development and Family Studies
  • Social Work
  • Youth Services

$59,100 (Median annual salary for social workers)

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Job postings by employers (August 2012)

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree in Social Work

BSW programs prepare graduates for direct-service positions, such as mental health assistant or caseworker. Coursework includes social welfare policy, social work methods, applied research, child welfare, and social work for the aged. All BSW programs contain an internship or supervised fieldwork component, providing students the opportunity to develop practical skills in areas important to the profession, such as understanding group dynamics, interviewing, decision-making, and problem-solving.

Success Tip

  • Develop strong communication skills. Social workers must develop productive and healthy relationships with their clients and co-workers in order to work effectively. While in school, students can take advantage of internships and supervised fieldwork to learn how to interact with a variety of clients.

Step 2: Consider a Master’s Degree

An MSW can be undertaken with any undergraduate degree, though some programs may require certain prerequisite coursework in related areas, such as psychology and sociology, for applicants not holding a BSW. The MSW is required to become a clinical social worker or to work in schools or the healthcare system. These degree programs typically take two years to complete (though some programs offer more flexible 3 and 4-year degree plans) and prepare students for advanced practice in their specialties.

Students in these programs have a variety of concentrations and specialties to choose from, including mental health, families and children, global practice, older adults and families, and behavioral and physical health. Students may expand on professional components of social work, such as clinical assessment, caseload management, and leadership skills. Completion of an internship or supervised practice is required of all MSW students.

Success Tip

  • Gain experience in a high-demand specialty. According to the BLS, social workers in healthcare, mental health, substance abuse, children, families, and schools are expected to have the most favorable opportunities for employment. Working in these areas, even with a BSW, can provide the necessary experience through which to develop a specialty.

Step 3: Become Licensed

According to the BLS, all states have licensure or certification requirements for becoming a social worker. Licenses for non-clinical social workers are usually optional; rules vary for each state and can be found through the Association of Social Work Boards. State licensing requirements for clinical social workers typically involve 3,000 hours or two years of clinical experience along with completion of the MSW.

Step 4: Consider Credentialing

The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) offers voluntary credentialing at three levels for MSW-educated social workers. Each credential has varying eligibility requirements that may include specific hours of continuing professional education, clinical social work experience, and professional evaluations from colleagues.

There are also voluntary specialty certifications for both bachelor’s- and master’s- educated social workers in clinical social work, healthcare social work, gerontology, and several other areas, which may improve employment prospects.

Step 5: Maintain Licensure and Credentials

Social work licensure and certification, including specialty certification, must be maintained by completing continuing education courses. Requirements for the number of hours and the types of courses that can be taken vary for each state. By maintaining these credentials, social workers will continue to create career possibilities for employment and ensure that they remain employable.

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Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) #become #a #nurse #practitioner #online


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Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP)

Welcome to the Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) Program

Now is an opportune time to become a nurse practitioner. Not only is there is an increased demand nationally for nurses, but there are new and abundant opportunities for nurse practitioners including demand for inpatient nurse practitioner care to the advent of “Express Care” clinics in retail outlets as well as a burgeoning need for providers to care for the uninsured and indigent population. In addition, there is a “graying” of the nation’s nursing profession with many RNs approaching retirement age. Consequently, opportunities for NPs have never been better. We invite you to take a look at our program!

Why Be a Nurse Practitioner?

Are you looking for a career that allows you to have a profound effect on people’s lives? Do you want to promote healthy living and help prevent illness and suffering? Do you want the autonomy that allows you to practice independently? Then consider becoming a nurse practitioner.

Nurse practitioners are registered nurses who have advanced clinical training and educational preparation to manage health care interventions at an “advanced practice level”. Registered nurses can take their basic nursing experience and knowledge to a higher level of practice as a nurse practitioner.

Nurse practitioners work in a variety of clinical settings including outpatient clinics, ambulatory care settings, emergency departments, inpatient units, community health agencies, and private practice settings as co-owners and operators with other nurse practitioners, physicians and other health care providers. Click here to view the infographic from AANP (2014). Facts about nurse practitioners (AANP National NP Database, 2010-2011):

  • There are 167,000 nurse practitioners in the United States.
  • There are 17,032 nurse practitioners in California.
  • 11,000 new NPs completed their academic programs in 2010-2011.
  • 93% have graduate degrees.
  • 97% maintain national certification.
  • 88% of NPs are prepared in primary care; 68% practice in at least one primary care site.
  • Nurse practitioners increase access to care: 84% see Medicaid patients, 87% see Medicare patients.

Why Choose Family Nurse Practitioner Program at Samuel Merritt University

A Flexible, Personalized Approach
Samuel Merritt University’s strong multicultural approach to family-oriented advanced nursing practice in primary care settings makes our family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) track unique. Our small, private university atmosphere promotes close faculty-student relationships. ELMSN and MSN Hybrid program classes are scheduled on evenings and weekends while the MSN Online program classes are fully online. Students completing the track are awarded a Master of Science in Nursing degree and are eligible for state and national certification. Post-Master study is available for students with MSN degrees in other specialty areas.

Our Students
The FNP track has a consistent history of attracting highly diverse and talented students. Samuel Merritt University is committed to maintaining a community of students that bring a variety of perspectives, including cultural and professional backgrounds, age, gender, and life experiences. Strong academic, social and financial aid support are provided through various student services programs.

Professional and Personal Qualifications
Students are admitted to the FNP track based on academic preparation, interest in advanced practice nursing and commitment to the underserved. Consideration is given to those who have experience in the health care field either as a health care worker, a volunteer or who have shadowed a nurse practitioner and to those who speak a second language, especially Spanish. We encourage applicants and students alike to become active in their state and regional chapters of association of nurse practitioners such as the California Association for Nurse Practitioners. Find your local chapter at The American Association of Nurse Practitioners we bsite.

Successful applicants reflect a demonstrated commitment to multicultural primary care and service to underserved communities. Approximately 24 students are admitted each year.

Application Deadline for ELMSN and MSN Hybrid: January 15th
Application Deadline for MSN Online Summer 2016: March 15th
Application Deadline for MSN Online Fall 2016: July 29th
Application Deadline for MSN Online Spring 2017: November 21, 2016

Graduates are eligible for certification through the state boards of Registered Nursing. Graduates are eligible to sit for national certification examination through either the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) or the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP).

American Nurses Credentialing Center
8515 Georgia Ave, Suite 400
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3492
1-800-284-2378

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
Certification Program
Capitol Station, P.O. Box 12926
Austin, TX 78711


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English Language Teaching Jobs #tefl, #tefl.com, #jobs, #job, #jobsearch, #job #search, #listing, #tesl, #tesol,

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Steps to Become a CA RN, become a nurse.#Become #a #nurse


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Steps to Become a California Registered Nurse

Become a nurse

1. Take college prep classes in high school

  • In addition to a U.S. high school education or the equivalent as described in Section 1412 of the Board’s regulations to become a registered nurse (RN), you should take the following classes in high school and you will have a head start on your nursing class prerequisites at college:
    • English – 4 years
    • Math – 3-4 years (including algebra and geometry)
    • Science – 2-4 years (including biology and chemistry; physics and computer science are recommended)
    • Social Studies – 3-4 years
    • Foreign Language – 2 years
  • Check out nursing prerequisites at colleges you are considering.
  • Individual nursing schools vary in their nursing course prerequisites. Talk to your high school guidance counselor and check out the websites of the California nursing schools you are considering.

2. Choose the type of nursing school you want to attend

In California, there are three types of pre-licensure nursing programs, and two alternative routes to become a registered nurse:

Opportunities abound for scholarships, loans, and loan forgiveness programs. Please visit the Financial Aid Information section of our website for more information.

5. Obtain an RN license

To practice as an RN in California, you must be licensed by the California Board of Registered Nursing (BRN). You must meet educational requirements, pass a criminal background check, and pass the national licensing examination. To apply for licensure:

  • Apply online or obtain an application packet and detailed instructions from the BRN website.
  • Send your application to the BRN at least 6-8 weeks before graduation.
  • Have your school send your transcripts to the BRN.
  • Complete a fingerprint background check.
  • Take and pass the National Council Licensing Examination (NCLEX). The exam is computerized and given continuously 6 days a week. (New graduates are advised to take the exam soon after graduation because research has shown that there is a higher success rate for early test takers compared with those who wait several months.)
  • Apply for an Interim Permit if you wish to work in a supervised nursing capacity while awaiting the results of your examination.

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Investor – s Business Daily to become a weekly, 20 news jobs to be

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Investor s Business Daily to become a weekly, 20 news jobs to be cut

Investor s Business Daily, which has published five days a week since its founding in 1984, will announce next week that it will become a weekly newspaper and will focus its editorial efforts more online.

The change is expected to take effect on May 2, Talking Biz News has confirmed. The Los Angeles-based newspaper will be put to bed Friday evening and publish early the following week.

About 20 newsroom jobs will be cut as a result of the change, leaving slightly more than 40 in the editorial side of the newspaper. Additional cuts will be made in other departments.

IBD has been profitable, but we recognize that readership trends don’t favor daily newspapers, said managing editor Susan Warfel. We’re adjusting our business model now because we want to move from a position of strength and take advantage of the best growth opportunities in our business.

Warfel said that the newspaper will retain the Investor s Business Daily name because it will publish every day on the Internet.

At one point, Investor s Business Daily hoped to grow to a subscription base of 700,000 to 1 million. And in 2000, its circulation was above 300,000. But the paper had a circulation or 113,038 in the third quarter of 2015. down from 157,161 in 2013. It had 46,213 print subscribers and 62,372 digital subscribers.

The newspaper s website, www.investors.com, added a paywall more than a decade ago, and the newspaper believes that the shift to a web focus for most of the week will allow it to improve its profit margins.

IBD currently attracts over 4 million monthly unique visitors and publishes investment analysis products such as Leaderboard. Several mobile-first product launches are scheduled within the next year.

The newspaper was started as Investor s Daily by investor and stockbroker William O Neil, who has since endowed a professorship in business journalism at Southern Methodist University. It changed its name to Investor s Business Daily in 1991.

O Neil was frustrated that he couldn t obtain data about stocks in any other newspaper, including The Wall Street Journal, that he wanted to use to make investment decisions. Investor s Business Daily s stock listings include a proprietary ratings system.

Its core readers are self-directed investors, especially those who favor growth stocks who take a hands-on approach to their investments rather than leave the decision-making to someone else.

In 2008, the newspaper won its only Pulitzer Prize. Michael Ramirez. the editorial cartoonist for the newspaper, won the Pulitzer in that category.

Talking Biz News interviewed Warfel in May 2015 about the paper s operation. Read that interview here .


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How to Become an Advanced Practice Nurse in Canada, become a pediatric nurse.#Become #a

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How to Become an Advanced Practice Nurse in Canada

  • Georgetown University’s School of Nursing & Health Studies – Online Master of Science Degree in Nursing
  • Simmons School of Nursing and Health Sciences – RN to MSN – Family Nurse Practitioner, MSN – Family Nurse Practitioner
  • [email protected] – Online Master of Science Degree in Nursing
  • Capella University – RN-to-BSN and RN-to-BSN/MSN Combined Option, Post Master’s DNP and BSN-to-DNP

Although the first nurse practitioner program in Canada began in 1967, advanced practice nursing remains in a near-constant state of change as legislative and regulatory bodies, universities, and professional nursing organizations work towards a uniform definition of the advanced practice nursing role and strive to build a framework that supports the full integration and sustainability of advanced practice nursing. It is innovative healthcare collaborators, such as advanced practice nurses, who are poised to meet the challenges of an evolving healthcare system.

In order to optimize the contribution that nursing has made to healthcare and address the issues of rising healthcare costs, shortages of medical professionals, and limited access to care, the role of the advanced practice nurse is now being expanded and clearly defined. According to the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA), the advanced practice nursing professional has clearly defined professional roles, which include direct patient care, research, education, consultation, collaboration, and leadership activities.

Canada currently recognizes two advanced practice nursing roles: Nurse Practitioner (NP) and Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS). The International Council of Nurses defines individuals in both of these roles as registered nurses who have an expert knowledge base, complex decision-making skills, and clinical competencies for expanded practice. As advance practice nurses build upon expertise in specialty areas by applying the theoretical, empirical, ethical, and experimental foundations of nursing, they are equipped to provide effective and efficient care to an identified population; demonstrate leadership to improve client, organization, and system outcomes; and integrate in-depth nursing knowledge, research, and discipline to improve access to quality care.

The Canadian Nurses Association (CNA) notes that the advanced practice nurse is an umbrella term for a nursing professional who has achieved a graduate-level education, and who has the in-depth nursing knowledge and expertise to meet the health care needs of individuals, families, communities, and specific patient populations.

Nurse Practitioner

The Nurse Practitioner (NP) is a registered nurse with a graduate degree in nursing who provides direct care for health promotion and the treatment and management of health conditions. Canada recognizes the nurse practitioner (NP) in the following specialties: primary healthcare NPs (PHCNP) and acute care NPs (ACNP).

Nurse practitioners diagnose illnesses, order and interpret diagnostic tests, prescribe pharmaceuticals, and perform specific procedures within their scope of practice. PHCNPs work in such locales as community healthcare centers, primary healthcare settings and long-term care institutions. The focus of the PHCNP is on health promotion, preventative care, treating and diagnosing acute illnesses and injuries, and overseeing and managing stable chronic diseases. ANCPs are specialty NPs who may serve a specific patient population. They provide care to individuals who are acutely, critically or chronically ill, often working in in-patient settings, such as neonatology, nephrology, and cardiology units.

Clinical Nurse Specialist

A Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) is a registered nurse with a graduate degree in nursing and expertise in a clinical nursing specialty. The CNA notes that CNSs contribute to the development of nursing knowledge and evidence-based practice while addressing complex healthcare issues for patients, families, administrators and policy makers. In particular, CNSs are essential for the development of clinical guidelines and protocols and the facilitation of system change.

The CNS specializes in a specific nursing practice that is often defined by patient population, setting, or medical subspecialty, such as family, adult, community and mental health.

Educational Standards

The educational standard for NPs and CNSs in Canada is a graduate degree in nursing. It is the graduate education that allows advance practice nurses to analyze and synthesize knowledge and understand, interpret, and apply nursing theory and research.

The CNA notes, however, that advanced practice nurses cannot assume their practice is at the advanced level based on education alone. Instead, it is the graduate education and clinical experience that prepare nurses to practice at an advanced level. Because advanced practice nursing is dependent upon clinical practice, nursing professionals must assume that clinical practice is a significant part of their advanced practice role.

Two national consensus frameworks have been developed: The CNA’s Advanced Nursing Practice: A National Framework and the Canadian Nurse Practitioner Core Competency Framework to provide further guidance for the development of educational courses and requirements, research concepts, and government position statements regarding advanced practice nurses.

Because the NP is considered a separately legislated role in Canada, all educational programs for NPs must achieve formal approval by provincial and territorial regulating nursing agencies. As such, it is quite common to find disparities among approved educational programs between territories or provinces. In particular, there are inconsistencies among core graduate theoretical courses, clinical experiences, and length of programs.

Likewise, the CNA notes that the responsibility for developing CNS roles lies with the universities, and it is up to them to provide curricula based on the competencies of advanced nursing practice. Although many universities have graduate programs to prepare for advance practice nursing, none have specific CNS programs. There is no certification or protective titling for CNSs in Canada; therefore, it is often challenging to find common threads in educational and clinical experiences.

These challenges have highlighted the need for national curriculum standards and one, consistent core curriculum for both NP and CNS programs in Canada. The CNA notes in their Advanced Nursing Practice: A National Framework that a “coordinated national approach [would] permit flexibility among provinces and territories and allow new roles to develop.” In short, a well-defined national approach to advanced practice nursing is necessary to ensuring that high-quality nursing services are available and consistent across the country.

CNA Nurse Practitioner Exam Program

The Canadian Nurses Association, through the CNA Nurse Practitioner Exam Program, offers the following exams that are administered by most provincial and territorial regulatory authorities:

Canadian Nurse Practitioner Examination: Family/All Ages

The Canadian Nurse Practitioner Examination: Family/All Ages (CNPE: F/AA) is administered by provincial and territorial nursing regulatory authorities through the CNA.

The CNPE: F/AA, which is offered twice a year, includes a framework of 42 competencies within four categories:

  • Professional role, responsibility and accountability
  • Health assessment and diagnosis
  • Therapeutic management
  • Health promotion and the prevention of illness and injury

American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC): Adult and Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Exam

The ANCC Adult NP Exam and the Pediatric NP Exam are not taken for credentialing or certification purposes in Canada. Instead, they provide a comparable exam to the CNPE: F/AA that NPs can take electively.

Entry Requirements for Advanced Practice Nurses

Because Canada does not currently have a national curriculum or consistent standards regarding advanced practice nursing, all advanced practice nurses must meet the individual requirements set forth by the provincial or territorial regulatory nursing body where they are practicing. In general, a graduate education, as well as writing and passing an exam through the CNA Nurse Practitioner Exam Program and registering with the appropriate territory or province is required to practice as an advanced practice nurse in Canada.


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What do the titles mean? RN, BSN, ADN? #step #up, #what, #need, #titles, #going,

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what do the titles mean? RN, BSN, ADN.

So are BSN and ADN forms of RN. What is the difference in college time, pay, etc?

No, RN is a professional license. BSN and ADN are college degrees. An ADN is an ASN or AAS degree obtained from a community college after two to three years of school (including prerequisites). A BSN is obtained from a four year university after four to six years of school (including prerequisites). You also have the option of an entry level MSN, masters in science nursing, which may grant a BSN along the way or may simply pass up the BSN.

Okay, I graduate school to be an LVN in August and already I’m being asked when I’m going back to become an RN. I hear so many titles and I need help clearing them up. I need to know what I’m going into to know the prereqs I need to get out of the way online or what online program to look into. What is my next step up from LVN? Is a BSN and ADN the same as RN? Aggghhhh. Please help

You need to set up an appointment with an Allied Health Nursing advisor at your institution. We have no way of knowing what prereqs are required for your school since not all schools are the same.

RN: Anyone who has completed at least their ADN, aka Associate Degree Nursing, at a minimum. The ADN is a two-year program excluding the general one year of prereqs (so it’s really a three-year program).

BSN is a four-year degree, aka Bachelor of Science Nursing. There is little, if any, difference in pay between a registered nurse with his/her ADN vs. BSN. The difference is management opportunity, which is geared toward the BSN.

Hopefully the pay rates will be raised in the future to reflect educational attainment, especially for those with a master or doctorate degree in nursing. It’s this lack of difference in pay that pushes me only up to my Bachelor degree, and I only want to go that far because I know when I am in my fifties I will want to lessen my load by doing less bedside care.

Last edit by ZanatuBelmont on Apr 19, ’09


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