Refrigerator and Icemaker Repair Online Manual #subzero #refrigerator #repair


Free Online Refrigerator and Icemaker Repair Manuals

WHIRLPOOL / KENMORE ADC Defrost / Diagnosis

WHIRLPOOL / KENMORE ADC Defrost / Diagnosis

Maximum defrost cycle time is 21 minutes.

First defrost is 6 hours after initial plugin (cumulative compressor runtime.)

Minimum time between defrost cycles is 8 hours.

Maximum time between defrost cycles is 100 hours.

The ADC adjusts the defrost interval according to compressor runtime, and length of the last defrost cycle. ASSUMING that the fridge has been on and running, and the terminating thermostat is closed, defrost is initiated in most models by turning the cold control on and off as follows:

OFF for 15 seconds, then ON for 5 seconds, then

OFF for 15 seconds, then ON for 5 seconds, then

OFF for 15 seconds, then ON for 5 seconds, then turn the cold control off.

The defrost heater should start heating up within 8 seconds.

To terminate defrost, unplug the fridge.

Note that the ADC will only enter the defrost mode if the terminating thermostat is closed. You will hear a click as the relay on the ADC board switches from the cool mode to the defrost mode. If the terminating thermostat is open, you will hear a second click and the fridge will return to the cooling mode; you probably have a bad terminating thermostat.

If the defrost heater does not come on at all, try initiating defrost as follows:

Unplug the fridge for 30 seconds.

While it is unplugged, turn the cold control off.

Then plug the fridge back in.

The defrost heater should start heating up within 8 seconds.

The ADC board relay will also click as described above.

If the above procedure caused the heater to heat up, the ADC board is probably bad; replace it.

If the defrost heater does not heat up, test the defrost heater and terminating thermostat. You can test them for continuity together, without opening up the evaporator. Find the test plug in the wiring harness with a brown lead and a pink lead (inside the control box.) Unplug the fridge and disconnect the ADC, then test for continuity between this brown lead and any white lead. You are measuring resistance through the heater; you should see some resistance, and some continuity. If not, the heater is bad.

Now test between the brown and pink leads. You are now testing continuity through the terminating thermostat. If the evaporator has been running and the terminating thermostat is cold, you should see continuity. If not, the terminating thermostat is bad.

Appendix A:
Diagnosing defrost problems in ADC-controlled machines


ADC Defrost / Diagnosis

These machines use a very complex control board accessible at the right rear of the refrigerator. In addition to defrost functions, this board gets inputs from thermistors and controls the operation of fans, damper doors and heaters throughout the refrigerator, as well as water-in-door, icemaker, ice crusher and auger functions.

Thermistors are simply variable resistors. The resistance of a thermistor varies inversely with the temperature of the thermistor; the lower the temperature, the higher the resistance. Thus a thermistor can measure the temperature in a space and translate that into an electrical signal that a logic board can use.

For example, if the temperature in a space gets too low, the thermistor will tell the logic board, and the logic board can close an air damper to warm the space a little.

Defrost intervals (time between defrost cycles) are controlled by the frequency and duration of freezer and fresh food door openings, defrost heater runtime and compressor runtime.

Maximum defrost cycle time is 45 minutes.

Minimum time between defrost cycles is 8 hours. (accumulated compressor runtime)

Maximum time between defrost cycles is 60 hours. (accumulated compressor runtime)

If the refrigerator is not defrosting, because of the complexity of the control system, there could be a number of reasons.

Test the defrost heater and terminating thermostat as follows: unplug the fridge, and unplug the blue connector from the control board. Using an ammeter, test the resistance between the blue wire on the blue connector, and the orange wire (pin 9, the last pin) on the J7 connector (this connector is marked N on the board, for Neutral. ) You should see 22 Ohms of resistance. You are testing through the defrost heater and terminating thermostat, so if you get either an open reading or no resistance, one of these components is bad. When you reinstall the blue connector and turn the power back on, the defrost heater should heat up. If not, the terminating thermostat is bad.

There are two thermistors in the evaporator compartment, near the top of the evap. They are a control thermistor and a high-temp thermistor, which basically does the same thing as the terminating thermostat. You can test these thermistors according to the table to the right. However, it is easier to just replace one or both of them. (They are both the same thermistor.)

If the heater, thermostat and thermistors test out OK, replace the main board.

Appendix A: Diagnosing defrost problems in ADC-controlled machines


ADC Defrost / Diagnosis

On the initial plugin, or when power is restored to the fridge after a power outage:

If terminating thermostat is open, the fridge enters a compressor (cooling) cycle.

If the terminating thermostat is closed, the first defrost cycle occurs 1 hour after initial plug-in.

Maximum defrost cycle time is 24 minutes.

Minimum time between defrost cycles is 6 hours. (compressor runtime)

Maximum normal clock time between defrost cycles is 12 hours.

Maximum time between defrost cycles (in vacation mode) is 72 hours.

Vacation mode is not entered unless the door has not been opened in at least 24 hours.

Notethat the ADC will only enter the defrost mode if the terminating thermostat is closed. If the terminating thermostat is open when defrost is initiated, the ADC board will wait for six minutes and then return to the cooling mode.

ASSUMING that the fridge has been on and running, and the terminating thermostat is closed, defrost is initiated by pressing the door (light) switch at least five times within six seconds.

The defrost heater should start heating up within 8 seconds.

If the above procedure caused the heater to heat up, the ADC board is probably bad; replace it.

If the defrost heater does not heat up, test the defrost heater, terminating thermostat and cold control for continuity as follows:

Unplug the fridge from the wall. Unplug the ADC board from its connector.

Test the connector for continuity between the following leads:

Defrost Heater = DEF TERM (blue) to DEF OUT (brown).

Terminating Thermostat = DEF TERM (blue) to NEUTRAL (lt blue).

Cold Control = COLD CONTROL (orange) to L1 (black).

Replace the defective component.

Appendix A: Diagnosing defrost problems in ADC-controlled machines

ADC Defrost / Diagnosis

Maximum defrost cycle time is approximately 23 minutes.

The ADC adjusts the next defrost interval (time until the next defrost cycle) based on how long the defrost heater was energized during the last defrost cycle. The length of the defrost cycle is determined by the terminating thermostat. Logically, then, the shorter the defrost cycle, the less frost needed to be melted, so the longer the compressor can be run until the next defrost cycle.

To intitate defrost, find the ADC board. In Maytag-built machines, it is inside the temperature control housing, which also contains the food compartment (cold control) and freezer controls.

The ADC board should have six terminals: DEF HTR, COMP, L2, DEF TSTAT, TEST and L1.

Make sure the compressor is running. If you try to initiate defrost without the compressor running, it will cycle through the test mode in two seconds, andthere will not be any current draw through the defrost heater.

Use a jumper wire to short between L1 and test for a few seconds. This will place the unit into a 23-minute defrost mode. The defrost heater will heat up. If you have an ammeter, the heater will be drawing about 4 to 5 amps.

If the above procedure caused the heater to heat up, the ADC board is probably bad; replace it.

If the defrost heater does not energize, test the defrost heater and terminating thermostat as described in section 4-5(f).

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Business School Rankings – Foster School of Business #cool #business #names

#business school rankings


Business school rankings

Use sliders above and click the ‘Calculate’ button to see School Data.


This table lists the metrics used in the MBA rankings from U.S. News & World Report, Bloomberg Businessweek, Financial Times, and Forbes, as well as average debt data from M7 Financial. We’ve included the source of each metric and the official definition from the source. Program size and tuition are for information only and are not used in ranking schools. The methodology of the source publication is described in the definition for each metric.

Rankings calculator methodology: How is the top 30 schools list generated?

For each metric, the top 30 schools ranked in that category are assigned points for their ranking. The top-ranked school receives 30 points and the bottom-ranked school receives one point. Schools that tie receive the same number of points. The custom ranking list is based on the sum across criteria of the weight assigned to each metric times the school’s points on that metric. The best fit list ranks the top 30 schools based on these composite scores.

Average Salary Bonus

Average starting salary & bonus for previous year MBA grads. Salary based on the number of graduates who reported data. Mean signing bonus weighted by the proportion of those graduates who reported a bonus. Copyrighted 2016. U.S. News & World Report. 120792:0116JM

Job Placement Rate

Employment rate for previous year MBA graduates 3 months after graduation. Those not seeking jobs or for whom no job-seeking information is available are excluded. Copyrighted 2016. U.S. News & World Report. 120792:0116JM

Return on Investment

Alumni at 100 schools surveyed for pre- and post-MBA compensation, career choice, and location. Schools ranked based on five year MBA gains: alumni earnings in the first five years compared to opportunity cost (2 years forgone compensation/bonuses & stock, tuition, fees). It’s assumed compensation would have risen half as fast as post-MBA salary increases had alumni not attended business school.

Low Average Debt

Average post-graduation debt for MBA graduates ranked from low to high.

Feedback from the classes of 2007, 2008, and 2009 on how their MBAs have affected their careers, their compensation changes over time, and their midcareer job satisfaction.

Number of articles published by full-time faculty in 45 selected journals weighted relative to the size of each faculty. (Research rankings here only include rank among U.S. schools.)

Percentage of previous year’s applicants to the full-time program who were accepted. Copyrighted 2016. U.S. News & World Report. 120792:0116JM

Average Graduate Management Admission Test score and average GRE quantitative and verbal scores of full-time MBA students entering the previous fall. Copyrighted 2016. U.S. News & World Report. 120792:0116JM

Dean Director (Peer) Opinion

Survey of business school deans and directors of accredited business master’s programs. Peers asked to rate programs on a scale of 1 “marginal” to 5 “outstanding” or “don’t know.” School’s score is the average of all the respondents’ ratings. Copyrighted 2016. U.S. News & World Report. 120792:0116JM

Recruiter feedback on the skills they look for in MBAs, and which programs best equip their students with those skills.

Annual Tuition Fees

For information only, not a ranking factor. Out-of-state tuition and fees cost per year for the full-time MBA program. Copyrighted 2016. U.S. News & World Report. 120792:0116JM

For information only, not a ranking factor. Total student enrollment in the full-time MBA program. Copyrighted 2016. U.S. News & World Report. 120792:0116JM

Frequently asked questions

Why create an MBA Rankings Calculator? The inspiration for the calculator was a new ranking developed by Poets & Quants. which essentially assigned a zero weight to criteria that were not focused on student inputs and outputs.

This led us to the question: why not come up with a way to let MBA applicants weight categories based on their individual preferences? This is what the MBA Rankings Calculator sets out to do.

Designed with input from prospective MBA students, this resource can help candidates save time generating a short list of schools to explore for a personalized fit.

For example, one applicant may want to emphasize low debt and ROI over competitive GMAT scores in a program. Another may choose a school based on high research performance and a strong academic reputation with deans and MBA directors. A third candidate may be primarily focused on high salaries, job placement, and employer opinion. There is no one-size-fits-all program for everyone this tool helps candidates find their best matches. Which metrics are used? Average salary and bonus, job placement, average debt, alumni advancement, return on investment, faculty research, student selectivity, average GMAT score as well as opinions of employers and business school deans and directors. What are the sources of the data? We developed the calculator with data licensed from U.S. News & World Report, Bloomberg Businessweek, The Financial Times, Forbes, and M7 Financial. The data provided are for personal, non-commercial use only, based on the copyrights and terms and conditions of the data providers. Why were these 10 metrics chosen? We tested the calculator with prospective students, including those who had not applied at the Foster School of Business. Based on student feedback, we selected diverse metrics that were important to them while creating a tool that was simple to use. How are the rankings metrics weighted? For each metric, the top 30 schools ranked in that category are assigned points for their ranking. The top-ranked school receives 30 points and the bottom-ranked school receives one point. Schools that tie receive the same number of points. The custom ranking list is based on the sum across criteria of the weight assigned to each metric times the school’s points on that metric. The best fit list ranks the top 30 schools based on these composite scores.

While these metrics are based on the methodologies of the source publications (described in the ‘Methodology’ tab), users of the calculator can weight each factor separately to create their own custom list. Why 30 schools? There are more than 60 schools included in the calculator, as different schools are included in different metric rankings. Listing 30 schools in the best fit ranking allows for a diverse range of large, medium, and small schools across the U.S. as well as a blend of private and public schools with different specialties. After the top 30 schools, there is less consistency of schools that are ranked in more than two ranking metrics. Why were only United States schools included? The majority of potential MBA students who contact our admissions staff are interested in business schools in the United States. While we do recruit students internationally, we are located in the U.S. For these reasons, we decided to focus exclusively on U.S. schools. Does the calculator give an advantage to the University of Washington’s Foster School of Business? No. The Foster School is not included in the top 30 for one metric and is ranked in the lowest quartile on other metrics. The metrics were chosen based on prospective student priorities primarily outcomes for graduates, program selectivity, and reputation with employers and school leaders.

To see the top 30 schools in an individual category, allocate 100 points to that metric and click the ‘Calculate’ button. Does the rankings calculator replace or duplicate other MBA rankings? No. The rankings calculator is a complementary tool to the existing rankings. It uses data points licensed from U.S. News & World Report, Businessweek, The Financial Times, Forbes, and M7 Financial to help potential students create a custom list of schools that fit their priorities. It also links to each of these rankings so that prospective students can explore the full set of data that each ranking offers. What makes the rankings calculator unique is the opportunity for prospective students to select their own metrics and apply their own weights. How can I share this page? The easiest way to share this page is to use the social media buttons above to post to your networks. The results from the rankings calculator data are provided for your personal, non-commercial use based on the copyrights and terms and conditions of the sources: U.S. News & World Report. Bloomberg Businessweek. Financial Times. Forbes. and M7 Financial.

How do you know which MBA program is the right fit for you?

“Fit” is a complex idea that incorporates elements like culture, location, size, business relationships, student community, and much more.
Learn more about the Foster Fit and find out if we’re the right school for you.

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A Soy Candle Making Business is Not Easy #government #grants

#candle making business


A Soy Candle Making Business is Not Easy

Psssst My Facebook Business Page E-Course is 60% all through August!

Want to get your candle business out there on social media and grow your following? FB is an excellent, and free place to start!

You love candles. You love them so much that you think you want to start a business making them. They are fun to make, it s true! And it s so lovely to have your house constantly be filled with those wonderful, delightful fragrances!

I myself, did not realize all the work that goes into a soy candle business, or any candle business for that matter, because you soon realize that it is not just about making the candles. I don t want to discourage you. No. Because a soy candle making business can be a nice profitable home business for you! But I want to make sure you realize all that goes into it, because if you are just starting out, or just thinking about starting, then you don t know all the work that goes into candle making and marketing and selling.

This is the reason I decided to close my business after 4 years. If I didn t have kids I may have stuck with it, but the fact that I have 3 boys (I only had 2 when I first started my soy candle business) and was working my business and trying to homeschool, and on top of that, living in a small home, I had to make a choice on what my priorities were and I decided I wasn t enjoying the whole candle business all that much anymore even though business kept growing, so I closed the doors. In fact it was because of the growing customers that I decided to call it quits. The more customers the more busy it got and I didn t have anyone to help me with it all!

That does not mean that you can t do it, and enjoy it though! Everyone is different and this business can work for you!

Below is a rundown of all the things involved with making, marketing, and selling soy candles. If you can outsource a few of these things, it will make your business so much less stressful and you can focus more on your candle making!

  • Making soy candles from scratch (melting wax, preparing containers, placing wicks, cooling time, thinking up new fragrances, testing, testing,testing, cleaning up your mess, cleaning your tools)
  • Ordering supplies
  • Putting on tags and warning labels and any other decorations
  • Packaging your soy candles (mainly votives, tarts and tealights)
  • Packaging for shipping
  • Printing shipping labels
  • Creating and maintaining a website
  • Answering questions
  • Marketing your business whether online or offline
  • Preparing for and traveling to craft shows
  • Did I mention maintaining your website.
  • Doing taxes
  • Thinking and thinking and thinking about this, that and everything to do with soy candles!

Now, like I said, if you can afford to pay someone to do some of those things above, or you have a partner to help, a good size kitchen(better yet a separate area to work), then you will probably have a much easier time of it!

I know I might have caused some doubt in your mind of whether you want to even try this business, but really, you won t know until you try. I loved it the first 2 years, it s just that I had so many other things I was trying to do too, so the candle business just didn t end up fitting with the lifestyle I wanted.

But I hope I ve made you seriously consider some things and if you think you want to give it a go, then go for it! Procrastinating will get you nowhere, and, like I said, you won t know until you try!

Until next time,

What if you had a tool that could help you get started making soy candles for your business right now?

Would you like to save a ton of time that you could be using to work on starting your business instead of searching all over trying to find how to make this kind of soy candle, or that kind, or how to find the best wick, what supplier to use and so on, etc etc ?

That is exactly why I created my new eBook The Soy Candle Making Book You can download the book and have everything you need to make amazing soy candles that your customers will love!

No need to go searching around the net for every piece of information because it s all right here!


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The UTD Top 100 Business School Research Rankings – Naveen Jindal School of Management

#business school rankings


Research Rankings Overview

The UT Dallas Naveen Jindal School of Management has created a database to track publications in 24 leading business journals. The database contains titles and author affiliations of papers published in these journals since 1990. The information in the database is used to provide the top 100 business school rankings since 1990 based on the total contributions of faculty.

Additionally, the database can also be searched by:

  • Any journal or combination of journals between the time period 1990 to date to get a ranking of schools
  • School name to see a list of publications by a school for any combination of journals and time period between 1990 to date
  • Author name to see a list of publications by an author for any combination of journals and time period between 1990 to date
  • Key phrase in article name to see a list of publications containing that phrase for any combination of journals and time period between 1990 to date

The Jindal School of Management maintains and keeps this website current to provide timely data on research productivity in leading research journals across major disciplines in business schools. The school has worked hard to ensure data integrity, but as with any project of this type where the affiliation data is not always clear, some errors may exist. If you spot an error, please send us the corrections at Top 100 Admin.

List of Journals

The Accounting Review

Journal of Accounting and Economics

Strategic Management Journal


UT Dallas Naveen Jindal School of Management provides a tool to study research contributions based on publications in 24 leading journals in major business disciplines. The database contains author and affiliation information on all papers published in these journals since 1990. Authors affiliations are recorded at the time of the paper publication.

A single-authored paper results in the school of affiliation being credited with a score of 1. If there are multiple authors from different schools, each school gets a score of p/n, where p is the number of authors from the same school and there are a total of n authors on the article. If an author lists multiple affiliations, each of the schools that author is affiliated with gets a corresponding scaled score. For example, if one of the n authors lists m affiliations, each school that author is affiliated with gets a score of 1/nm.

The database can be searched by any period between 1990 to the current year for any combination of journals, resulting in aggregated scores for schools. This provides a clear picture of contributions from each school for the selected journals and time period. One can also search the database by school names, author names and key phrases in the title.

The Jindal School of Management also provides a ranking of the top 100 schools in North America and worldwide based on publications in all 24 journals for the last five-year time period. The school also provides links to prior rankings starting with the period 2000-2004.


Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, the nature and diversity in which author affiliation information is provided in the journals sometimes make it hard to categorize and report the information accurately. UT Dallas Jindal School of Management has attempted to verify information using the web when possible.

While searching for articles, author names are provided in the search results. They are not listed in the sequence specified in the published paper. Also note that when information on authors is provided, if the same author is listed twice, it indicates that the author has listed multiple affiliations.

If you believe there is an error in the information provided, please send specific information to the administrator.

The Naveen Jindal School of Management appreciates your input to this ongoing research effort.

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Business Model vs #business #degrees

#business plan model


Business Model vs. Business Plan vs. Business Planning

What s a business model? How does it relate to a business plan? Or, better yet, business planning? They live together. They synchronize. Your business planning makes your business model happen. And your business plan is a regular step in your business planning. It isn t business plan vs. business model, the way some people seem to think. The business model is like a destination. The planning is how you re going to get there.

Alan Gleeson sent me a copy of the book shown here, Business Model Generation. It s also a website. and perhaps most important, a collective work on what a business model is and how to use it. With an excellent website and a very intriguing way of sharing the work, the thoughts, and the collective creativity. That part of it is fascinating, well worth the visit, even if it weren t also an excellent summary of the business model.

Just to give you the idea, here below I ve taken just a blog-sized clip from a proposed one-page business model summary. That s. taken from the web (you can click it to go to the full-size original ):

I m so glad to see this new work on business model. I confess, I ve thought of the phrase business model as just a trendy buzzword for how you make money in the business. While I think that s still true, at least to some extent, this kind of organized thinking is obviously valuable, if you use it right.

Alan, who is managing director of Palo Alto Software s UK Subsidiary, recently answered the business model vs. business plan question in a quest post on TechCrunch :

it is worth clarifying the difference between a business plan and a business model. A business plan details the business opportunity you are seeking to exploit. A business model takes the form of either a simple verbal description or a one page visual representation.

Alan also adds this important note about what a business plan really is:

modern business planning is flexible, agile and concise, and more about goal setting than bound physical documents. This planning process brings numerous benefits for the entrepreneur, not least an ability to look at the operation holistically, to ensure internal focus and to ensure that cash flow management is a key priority.

I said above that the business model is like a destination, and the planning is how you get there. Let me add that the planning I recommend isn t just a map, or a route; it s that plus a GPS and real-time traffic and weather information. And in that analogy, the business model is the destination.

Thanks for the reminder. I actually got a copy of this book a few months ago and it promptly got buried under more books. This makes me want to use for a new project I m working on.

I think business planning needs to take a step beyond both business plans and the business model concept.

My understanding is that business models are that which establishes a business mission, process, marketing strategy and executes them to test viability strengths and ultimately success. Once the test is done return to the model to improve it.

That said I believe one should simply make use of a tried business plan build the model, around it restructure retry until it is found sound. Such a model can be used and reused as a template for businesses in that particular industry/market.

The one-page Business Model contains no numbers or mention of competitors or risks. Its purpose is to explain the landscape and the mission. The Business Plan s purpose is to convince (e.g. potential investors and partners) that the mission is attainable (despite the competitors and risks). The Strategic Plan provides the details of the how to achieve the goal the actual path and timeline. I would like to see a unified process defined for creating the three documents in sequence.

simplulo, thanks for the comment, but I disagree with the business plan s purpose is to convince . The situation and context defines the purpose of a business plan. For example, my favorite business plans have the purpose of setting the steps into the right sequence, and defining the metrics, and layout out meaningful projections, to help manage and steer the business; to be used by the business owners. Of course some business plans do, indeed, have the purpose you suggest; but that s far from universal. And a lot of us would define a strategic plan differently than you do, but there again, you re definition is as right as anybody else s, as long as you don t try to say that s universal. I don t think of a strategic plan as defining the actual path and timeline. My point: it s not as simple and well defined as you suggest.

Agreed, but it wasn t my intention to provide details, rather to express the need that led me to this page (and many others). I gave three sentences, one for each document in a sequence, followed by the takeaway: I would like to see a unified process for creating the three documents. Among the many business-plan structures I found was one whose sections mapped neatly to regions of the Business Model Canvas: 1. Marketing Plan, 2. Operational Plan, 3. Financial Plan. That was a start.

How LivePlan makes your business more successful

If you re writing a business plan you’re in luck. Online business planning software makes it easier than ever before to put together a business plan for your business.

As you ll see in a moment LivePlan is more than just business plan software though. It s a knowledgable guide combined with a professional designer coupled with a financial wizard. It ll help you get over the three most common business hurdles with ease.

Let s take a look at those common hurdles and see how producing a top notch business plan sets your business up for success.

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How do I fund, or raise finance, for a franchise in the UK? #business

#franchise loans


Franchise Banks

whichfranchise Finance

For over 18 years, whichfranchise has been providing prospective franchisees in the UK with information and advice on funding a franchise. We have, and continue to work with some of the leading banks in franchising as well as other franchise finance specialists. In our dedicated section to franchise funding you can enquire about how much money you can borrow as well as how to approach a bank for finance, you can put any franchise finance related questions you have to one of the leading franchise specialist bankers in the UK, identify the true cost of buying a franchise and the importance of having a business plan and what should be included in it.

Enquire about funding a franchise

If you are interested in a franchise and wish to find out more about how much money you can borrow towards it, you can contact Lloyds Bank franchise division for further information and/or an informal chat. Click here to contact Lloyds Bank

Funding a franchise advice

Buying a franchise is a big step and, in a lot of cases, a big investment for most. It is vital that you check how much finance is available to you. Knowing this will also help with your decision as to which franchises are available within your budget. Read more about how to raise finance and funding options available to you

Franchise business plan

The business plan has two main purposes – obtaining finance from the bank and clarifying your aims and objectives. Here we look at the importance of the business plan and what should be included in it. Read more


Find out how much money you can borrow

Ask the finance expert

Richard Holden – Lloyds Bank

Richard Holden is Head of Franchising for Lloyds Bank. He has 32 years banking experience and has supported a wide range of businesses in the small business sector for many years. He is responsible for providing support to the Lloyds Bank Business Managers, assisting them in assessing proposals from prospective franchisees. He is also responsible for ensuring that the network of local business managers has up-to-date information on the franchise systems operating within the UK.

Cost of a franchise

When looking at the cost of a franchise it can sometimes be confusing with talk of franchisee fees, deposits, average cost etc. In this section we look at how to identify the total costs of a franchise including explaining the difference between franchise fee, deposits, working capital, as well as how to verify a franchisor’s projections.

  • Real cost of investing in a franchise
  • Franchise deposits
  • Franchise fees
  • Evaluating financial aspects of a franchise
  • How to verify a franchisor’s projections

How to approach a bank for finance

When it comes to financing a business start-up, banks are favorable to franchising. The regard lending to prospective franchisees looking at well-structured ethical franchise systems a safer option than someone starting from scratch on their own.

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Candle Making #business #ethics #articles

#candle making business


Candle Making

Startup Costs: Under $2,000
Home Based: Can be operated from home.
Part Time: Can be operated part-time.
Franchises Available? No
Online Operation? No

The popularity of specialty candles has really taken off in the past decade as more and more people are starting to enjoy the relaxing effect that burning scented candles can have. This popularity and consumer demand for specialty candles creates a tremendous business opportunity for the innovative entrepreneur to start a business that manufactures and sells candles. A good starting point for learning how to make candles would be to visit the local library, as well as visiting the National Candle Association’s website ( A home based candle making business is best suited for the entrepreneur seeking additional income on a part-time basis with a long-term goal of establishing a full-time and profitable business concern. Selling the candles can be as easy as renting a table at a local craft show, placing the candles in retail locations on consignment basis, or even establishing wholesale accounts with national specialty retailers. Furthermore, adding fragrance, coloring and creating artistic details on the candles will definitely increase consumer demand for the product and result in more profit for you.

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Best Business School Programs (MBA) – Compare Rankings #starting #a #new #business

#business school rankings


Best Graduate Business Schools (MBA)

Choosing the right MBA program is a complicated decision that will continue to affect your career long after graduation. Our list includes only AACSB accredited schools as this is the most respected accreditation agency when it comes to business schools.

While it is critical to select a program that specializes in the area of business you want to study, be sure to consider the reputation of the school as well as the network of contacts you will build while you are there. For example, if you are interested in quantitative investing, then you might want to look into the MBA program at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. If entrepreneurship or venture capital is your passion, then you may want to apply to the Stanford Graduate School of Business. Both of these schools have stellar reputations for their programs in those specific concentrations, and their respective networks of contacts will continue to aid in the development of your career for years to come. It is also important to pay close attention to the Smart Rank, which weighs important factors along with expert opinions. Additionally, it is beneficial to consider the average salary for graduates. While this should not be the single determining factor, it can help you make a decision once you have narrowed down your choices.

Read the following sections for more information on the various factors to consider when choosing a business school. Once you are ready to start researching, head back to the search results page and use the different filters to find the best business school for you.


Our Smart Rankings are based on the most important factors in the quality of a business school institution and are determined by rating each school on these factors.

Admissions Selectivity
GMAT and GPA of incoming students indicate the quality of the student body, which generally translates to the quality of the business school. We also include the average amount of previous work experience the entering class has and the acceptance rate (lower generally indicates higher quality).

Expert Opinions
US News. Bloomberg. the Economist. the Financial Times and Forbes rankings are taken into account. These organizations carry a lot of weight in their rankings and look at their own unique factors when determining rankings.

Post-Graduation Salary
It’s important to know that when you finish your MBA, you’ll be able to land a job with a decent salary, so post-graduation salary is taken into account when determining rankings.

Programs Offered

For students with alternative scheduling and program needs, some schools offer special MBAs. These include:

Part-time MBA: A part-time MBA is a great choice for a working individual or a student with family responsibilities. Part-time MBAs take longer to complete, but they typically require only half the work load.

Executive MBA: An executive MBA is designed for managers or executives with several years of work experience. These programs allow seasoned leaders to further develop their skills, while largely maintaining their day-to-day work schedule.

Online MBA: An online MBA offers the greatest flexibility, allowing students to work from home.

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Find a variety of business resources by using the search below, or use the links to the left to help start or grow your business.

Starting Smart

Need help finding the on-ramp for the road to success? Here are some excellent vehicles to help fuel your business drive:

Prime Services

Entrepreneurship Manitoba
Offers a range of services to businesses and entrepreneurs at every stage of the business life cycle, including business name and corporate registration, general business counselling, financial assistance programs, online tools and resources, as well as workshops and seminars.

Manitoba Business Gateways
Provides single-window access and referrals to a wide array of business and employment information and services including business starts, licences and permits, financial programs, business planning, recruiting, training and managing employees, business expansion and growth, exporting and more.

Companies Office
Get on-line information and forms about registering your business and corporation.

One Business, One Number
To simplify business dealings with government, Manitoba has adopted the Business Number (BN) to replace the multiple numbers currently used to identify the same business.

Growing Opportunities – Rural Communities
Find out about the programs available for rural and northern economic development.

Workers Compensation Board
The workers compensation system is a mutual injury and disability insurance system for workers and employers, paid for by employers. Report claims and accidents, and request clearances on-line.

Employment Manitoba Centres
Employment Manitoba addresses current and future labour market needs through partnerships with community, industry and employer groups.

Employment Standards
Manitoba s Employment Standards Branch helps employees and employers define and protect their rights and responsibilities in the workplace.

SAFE Work Manitoba
One stop shop for programs that can help you make your workplace a safer one.

Business Start Programs

Starting a Small Business in Manitoba
Entrepreneurship provides a range of programs and services to help you start your small business.

Manitoba Business Start Program
Offers training and loan guarantees for starting a new business in Manitoba. The links contains a program description, terms and conditions, eligibility criteria and applications.


Manitoba Marketing Network
Provides business mentoring services to qualifying Manitoba small businesses.

An online, one-stop service for entrepreneurs that simplifies the process of finding information on business permits and licences from all levels of government.

BizPaS Directory
Easy to use online directory of programs and services for business.

Convenient and secure online access to your tax accounts.

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Business Data Analytics #business #printers

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Arkansas Tech University

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Business Data Analytics

The Business Data Analytics major prepares students for a career in business data analysis. These professionals analyze data to support business decisions and strategy and to creatively solve business problems. Specific data analyst job descriptions depend on the responsibilities of the particular industry in which the data analyst is working. For example, a data analyst working in the health care sector will be expected to perform data analysis with respect to patient outcomes, customer and insurance payment patterns, drug interactions, infection rates, geographic health care service densities, and other types of health care data. Similarly, a data analyst working in customer relationship management will be expected to perform data analysis with respect to customer buying patterns, identifying the best and worst customers, identifying different customer types, detecting fraud, and identifying opportunities for cross-selling and up-selling. A data analyst responds to client or management requests for information and may have to develop methodologies and files for effective data management.



A data analyst is able to retrieve, manipulate, and analyze data from multiple sources. He or she works with data using a variety of tools, platforms, and techniques and interprets the results in a clear, understandable way. These professionals create and report actionable information in a professional manner. Through a strong understanding of software, database/data warehouse, and research tools, the Business Data Analyst combines an understanding of business functional requirements, information resources, and systems applications of a firm to create and manage meaningful business intelligence to achieve business strategic success.

Specific objectives of the program are to provide students who select the Business Data Analytics major with the following:
  1. Ability to use technology to manage and analyze data to create information to support business decisions and solve business problems.
  2. Overall communication skills in the context of determining information requirements and conveying business data analysis results to clients.
  3. Ability to think critically and reason effectively about the quality of data and data analysis procedures in the context of creating information to solve business problems.
  4. Ethical awareness and ethical decision-making framework in a business data analysis context.
  5. Ability to use foundation business knowledge in data analysis in a diverse, global environment.
The Business Data Analytics program course examination procedures include:
  • Case analysis
  • Semester research papers/projects
  • Practical computer skills proficiency projects
  • Multiple choice/short answer/essay exams

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